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We propose an approach to analyze data from the P300 speller paradigm using the machine-learning technique support vector machines. In a conservative classification scheme, we found the correct solution after five repetitions. While the classification within the competition is designed for offline analysis, our approach is also well-suited for a real-world(More)
Orientation-selective cells in the striate cortex of higher animals are organized as a hierarchical topographic map of two stimulus features: (i) position in visual space and (ii) orientation. We show that the observed structure of the topographic map can arise from a principle of continuous mapping. For the realization of this principle we use a(More)
In this paper we present results of a study on brain computer interfacing. We adopted an approach of Farwell & Donchin [4], which we tried to improve in several aspects. The main objective was to improve the transfer rates based on offline analysis of EEG-data but within a more realistic setup closer to an online realization than in the original studies.(More)
We propose a new type of Self-Organizing Map (SOM) that is based on discretizations of curved, non-euclidean spaces. As an introductory example, we brieey discuss \spherical SOMs" on tesselations of the sphere for the display of directional data. We then describe the construction of \hyperbolic SOMs", using regular tesselations of the hyperbolic plane,(More)
It is shown that for a class of vector quantization processes, related to neural modeling, that the asymptotic density Q(x ) of the quantization levels in one dimension in terms of the input signal distribution P(x) is a power law Q(x)=C-P(x)(alpha ), where the exponent alpha depends on the number n of neighbors on each side of a unit and is given by(More)
We present a recurrent neural network for feature binding and sensory segmentation: the competitive-layer model (CLM). The CLM uses topographically structured competitive and cooperative interactions in a layered network to partition a set of input features into salient groups. The dynamics is formulated within a standard additive recurrent network with(More)
In this contribution, we deal with active learning, which gives the learner the power to select training samples. We propose a novel query algorithm for local learning models, a class of learners that has not been considered in the context of active learning until now. Our query algorithm is based on the idea of selecting a query on the borderline of the(More)
The P300 component of an event related potential is widely used in conjunction with brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) to translate the subjects intent by mere thoughts into commands to control artificial devices. A well known application is the spelling of words while selection of the letters is carried out by focusing attention to the target letter. In this(More)