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BACKGROUND Skeletal muscle of trunk, limbs and tongue develops from a small population of cells that originates from somites. Although promoters and inhibitors of muscle differentiation have been isolated, nothing is known about how the amplification of the muscle precursor pool is regulated; this amplification provides muscle mass during development.(More)
We have cloned and sequenced a chick gene, Flik (follistatin-like) that appears to be the homolog of the mammalian TSC36. The ORF encodes a secreted protein of approx 38 kDa, containing a single cysteine-rich domain that shows a strong relationship with the second of the four from which Follistatin is constructed. The remainder of the Flik protein shows no(More)
Increased sarcolemmal permeability has been implicated as a major pathological event in muscular dystrophies. In our study, we evaluated whether damaged muscle fibres can be specifically targeted using albumin as a carrier. We tagged human serum albumin (HSA) with Gadolinium (Gd) and systemically applied this compound (Gd-DTPA-HSA) to wildtype and(More)
The lack of myostatin promotes growth of skeletal muscle, and blockade of its activity has been proposed as a treatment for various muscle-wasting disorders. Here, we have examined two independent mouse lines that harbor mutations in the myostatin gene, constitutive null (Mstn(-/-)) and compact (Berlin High Line, BEH(c/c)). We report that, despite a larger(More)
Antisense oligonucleotides (AONs) hold promise for therapeutic correction of many genetic diseases via exon skipping, and the first AON-based drugs have entered clinical trials for neuromuscular disorders. However, despite advances in AON chemistry and design, systemic use of AONs is limited because of poor tissue uptake, and recent clinical reports confirm(More)
Genetic deletion of Myostatin, a member of the Transforming Growth Factor-beta family of signalling molecules, resulted in excessive growth of skeletal muscle. It demonstrated the remarkable intrinsic growth potential of skeletal muscle and led to the proposal that growth stimulation could amend diseased muscle without having to correct the primary cause of(More)
The prolonged effect of myostatin deficiency on muscle performance in knockout mice has as yet been only poorly investigated. We have demonstrated that absolute maximal force is increased in 6-month old female and male knockout mice and 2-year old female knockout mice as compared to age- and sex-matched wildtype mice. Similarly, absolute maximal power is(More)
Abstract Inhibition of myostatin (Mstn) stimulates skeletal muscle growth, reduces body fat, and induces a number of metabolic changes. However, it remains unexplored how exercise training modulates the response to Mstn inhibition. The aim of this study was to investigate how siRNA-mediated Mstn inhibition alone but also in combination with physical(More)
Muscle wasting is a major cause of morbidity in the elderly. Ku80 is required for DNA double strand repair and is implicated in telomere maintenance. Complete loss-of-function leads to reduced post-natal growth and severe progeria in mice. We examined the role of Ku80 in age-related skeletal muscle atrophy. While complete loss of Ku80 leads to pronounced(More)
Dystrophin is a rod-shaped cytoplasmic protein that provides sarcolemmal stability as a structural link between the cytoskeleton and the extracellular matrix via the dystrophin-associated protein complex (DAPC). Mutations in the dystrophin-encoding DMD gene cause X-linked dystrophinopathies with variable phenotypes, the most severe being Duchenne muscular(More)