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Swine Hepatitis E virus (HEV) can be transmitted from pigs to humans causing hepatitis. A high prevalence of HEV in wild boar populations is reported for several European countries, but actual data for Germany are missing. During the hunting season from October to December 2007 liver, bile and blood samples were collected from wild boars in four different(More)
Current knowledge of hepatitis B virus (HBV) sequence heterogeneity is based mainly on sequencing of amplified subgenomic HBV fragments. Here, we describe a method which allows sensitive amplification and simplified functional analysis of full-length HBV genomes with or without prior cloning. By this method, a large number of HBV genomes were cloned from(More)
Hantavirus species Tula (TULV) is carried by European common voles (Microtus spp.). Its pathogenic potential for humans is unknown. In a rural region of northeast Germany, a 43-year-old man became ill with fever, renal syndrome, and pneumonia. Typing of late acute- and convalescent-phase sera by focus reduction neutralization assay revealed the presence of(More)
In contrast to a detailed understanding of antiviral cellular immune responses, the impact of neutralizing antibodies for the resolution of acute hepatitis C is poorly defined. The analysis of neutralizing responses has been hampered by the fact that patient cohorts as well as hepatitis C virus (HCV) strains are usually heterogeneous, and that clinical data(More)
BACKGROUND In Europe certain hantaviruses are known to cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome of different severity. The objective of the present investigation was to study the presence of hantavirus infections in Lithuania. MATERIAL AND METHODS Two different serum panels from cancer patients (n = 438) and blood donors (n = 299) from Lithuania were(More)
To examine the evolution of Tula hantavirus (TUL), carried by the European common vole (Microtus arvalis and M. rossiaemeridionalis), we have analyzed genetic variants from Slovakia, the country where the virus is endemic. Phylogenetic analysis (PHYLIP) based on either partial (nucleotides [nt] 441 to 898) or complete N-protein-encoding sequences divided(More)
In central Europe, hemorrhagic fevers with renal syndrome (HFRS) in humans are caused by the hantavirus species Puumala (transmitted by voles) and a second, Hantaan-related species (transmitted by mice). The second virus could be identified as Dobrava virus. To date, 19 clinical cases of Dobrava infection have been found in Germany and Slovakia. All(More)
To the Editor: Gupta et al. raise important issues regarding molecular profiling as an epidemiologic tool (1). First, since all living organisms are related, the goal of genomic profiling in public health epidemiology is not really to determine “whether such isolates are truly related” (1) (they are), but to define the degree of similarity—or, more(More)
In Europe, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome results mainly from infection with Puumala virus (PUUV) or Dobrava virus. For 31 patients from a hantavirus disease outbreak in Lower Bavaria, a district in southeast Germany, serodiagnosis was undertaken by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunofluorescence assay, and immunoblot analysis. In a few of(More)
A new hantavirus, called Malacky, has been identified in lung tissue specimens of a vole,Microtus arvalis, by the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The voles were trapped in a geographical area in Slovakia where hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is endemic in the human population. Sequence analysis of a major part of the S(More)