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INTRODUCTION The repair capability of traumatized articular cartilage is highly limited so that joint injuries often lead to osteoarthritis. Migratory chondrogenic progenitor cells (CPC) might represent a target cell population for in situ regeneration. This study aims to clarify, whether 1) CPC are present in regions of macroscopically intact cartilage(More)
The role of mitochondria in stimulus-secretion coupling of pancreatic beta-cells was examined using methyl pyruvate (MP). MP stimulated insulin secretion in the absence of glucose, with maximal effect at 5 mM. K+ (30 mM) alone, or in combination with diazoxide (100 microM), failed to enhance MP-induced secretion. Diazoxide (100 microM) inhibited MP-induced(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in vivo affects the structural integrity of articular cartilage. A single bout of ESWT (1500 shock waves of 0.5 mJ/mm(2)) was applied to femoral heads of 18 adult Sprague-Dawley rats. Two sham-treated animals served as controls. Cartilage of each femoral head was harvested at(More)
In osteoarthritis (OA), cartilage destruction is associated not only with an imbalance of anabolic and catabolic processes but also with alterations of the cytoskeletal organization in chondrocytes, although their pathogenetic origin is largely unknown so far. Therefore, we have studied possible effects of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1beta on components(More)
Injury to articular cartilage is often associated with an inflammatory reaction and frequently results in the development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (post-traumatic OA). Cell death, inflammation and loss of proteoglycans participate in these mechanisms with p38MAPK being one of the pivotal signaling kinases. Therefore, the interaction of trauma and of(More)
Blunt trauma of articular cartilage, often resulting from accidents or sports injuries, is associated with local inflammatory reactions and represents a major risk factor for development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis. TNF-α is increased in synovial fluid early after trauma, potentiates injury-induced proteoglycan degradation and may act proapoptotic(More)
BACKGROUND Clinically oriented and easy to handle animal models are urgently needed to test pharmacologic treatment of cartilage trauma to reduce the resulting tissue damage by chondrocyte apoptosis and induction of matrix-degrading enzymes. AIM To develop a biomechanically defined cartilage trauma model. MATERIAL AND METHODS We constructed a novel(More)
Articular chondrocytes respond to extracellular influences by activating signaling pathways which change gene expression. One key signal transduction pathway of inflammatory joint disease is mediated by the p38MAPK which is known to be activated by the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1beta. We used the p38MAPK inhibitor SB203580 and a whole human genome(More)