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A developmental reduction in the radial transmission of synaptic activity has been proposed to underlie the end of the critical period for experience-dependent modification in layers II/III of the visual cortex. Using paired-pulse stimulation, we investigated in visual cortical slices how the propagation of synaptic activity to the superficial layers(More)
The aim was to evaluate the activity of cisplatin and vinorelbine in previously untreated, inoperable patients having histologically verified malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), normal organ function, and performance status 0-2. Treatment was vinorelbine 25 mg m(-2) i.v. weekly and cisplatin 100 mg m(-2) i.v. every 4 weeks with hydration and standard(More)
The uptake, toxicity, and elimination of atrazine and trifluoroacetate (TFA) were studied in early life stages of the zebrafish (Danio rerio). Furthermore, the effects of these xenobiotics on soluble (s) and microsomal (m) glutathione S-transferases (GST) of zebrafish embryos were investigated using 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB),(More)
BACKGROUND Renal anemia is an important determinant for left ventricular hypertrophy in dialysis patients and an independent prognosis parameter for the cardiovascular survival in dialysis patients. In addition, an autonomic dysfunction is associated with the uremic state and influences the cardiovascular risk in patients with end-stage renal disease(More)
Recurrent focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) after renal transplantation with nephrotic syndrome is a serious problem with a high risk of graft loss. The therapeutic role of renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) blockers in recurrent FSGS is not clear. We present the safety and efficacy of an intensified triple RAS blockade with an ACE-inhibitor, an AT 1(More)
BACKGROUND Radiocontrast medium- (RM) associated nephrotoxicity continues to be a common cause of acute renal failure and may lead in patients with pre-existing chronic renal insufficiency even to end-stage renal failure requiring chronic dialysis. Since extracorporeal removal of RM after RM administration has been shown to be effective but does not prevent(More)
BACKGROUND High-protein diets are effective for weight reduction; however, little is known about the potential adverse renal effects of such diets. OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to compare the effect of a high-protein (HP) with a normal-protein (NP) diet on renal hemodynamics and selected clinical-chemical factors. DESIGN We prospectively studied(More)
Mushrooms of the Cortinarius species are nephrotoxic and can cause severe acute renal failure. The toxic effect is due to orellanine. It is suspected that the cytotoxic damage is caused by the production of oxygen-free radicals. Renal pathology shows tubular necrosis with interstitial nephritis. In addition to accidental intoxications as a consequence of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In 1998, 8 patients with severe, intractable arterial hypertension and MR tomography-demonstrated neurovascular contact of a looping artery at the root entry zone of cranial nerves IX and X, causing neurovascular compression, underwent neurosurgical decompression. The short-term results showed a normalization of blood pressure with a(More)
BACKGROUND Preeclampsia has been shown to constitute a state of sympathetic overactivity. However, it remains unclear if the sympathetic activity precedes preeclampsia or represents only a secondary phenomenon. To further investigate this issue, we performed a prospective study in pregnant women considered to be at increased risk for preeclampsia owing to(More)