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ABSTRACT In recent years, almond anthracnose has developed into a major problem for the California almond industry. The identification of the causal pathogen as Colletotrichum acutatum was confirmed using species-specific primers and restriction fragment length polymorphisms of ribosomal DNA in comparative studies with isolates of C. acutatum from(More)
ABSTRACT The early infection and colonization processes of Colletotrichum acutatum on leaves and petals of two almond cultivars with different susceptibility to anthracnose (i.e., cvs. Carmel and Nonpareil) were examined using digital image analysis of light micrographs and histological techniques. Inoculated tissue surfaces were evaluated at selected times(More)
Foerster, Harold F. (The University of Texas, Austin), and J. W. Foster. Endotrophic calcium, strontium, and barium spores of Bacillus megaterium and Bacillus cereus. J. Bacteriol. 91:1333-1345. 1966.-Spores were produced by washed vegetative cells suspended in deionized water supplemented with CaCl(2), SrCl(2), or BaCl(2). Normal, refractile spores were(More)
Spore glutamic acid pools were examined in dormant and germinating spores using colorimetric and (14)C analytical procedures. Germination of spores of Bacillus megaterium (parent strain), initiated by d-glucose, was accompanied by a rapid drop in the level of spore pool glutamate, from 12.0 mug/mg of dry spores to 7.7 mug/mg of dry spores after 30 sec of(More)
Genetic and biochemical mechanisms of fludioxonil and pyrimethanil resistance in isolates of Penicillium digitatum were evaluated and compared to those characterized in other fungi. Resistant isolates were naturally occurring in packinghouses and were not associated with crop losses. For the phenylpyrrole fludioxonil, EC50 values were 0.02 to 0.04 microg/ml(More)
Foerster, Harold F. (University of Texas, Austin), and J. W. Foster. Response of Bacillus spores to combinations of germinative compounds. J. Bacteriol. 91:1168-1177. 1966.-Spores of 21 strains of Bacillus megaterium and 25 other strains representing 13 species of Bacillus were produced under standardized conditions. The germination of a washed spore(More)
ABSTRACT Visible and nonvisible quiescent infections of immature and mature fruit are an integral component of the disease cycle of brown rot of sweet cherry in California. Detection of these infections is critical for developing efficient and efficacious fungicide management programs. The previously published DNA amplification primers mfs3 and NS5 for the(More)
Modulation of pH within the host during infection of almond by the anthracnose pathogen Colletotrichum acutatum was studied using confocal scanning laser microscopy and the dual emission fluorescence indicator SNARF-1. This highly sensitive method allowed visualization of the spatial distribution of localized pathogen-induced pH modulation within and in(More)
The properties of endospores of some thermophilic strains of Bacillus were examined. Included were strains isolated from thermal pools and springs in Yellowstone National Park, a strain of B. thermodenitrificans and two strains of B. stearothermophilus, ATCC 7953 (smooth) and T-10. The spores of thermophilic strains of Bacillus contained relatively high(More)
Spores of Bacillus megaterium were examined for glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). Although dormant spores showed no GAD activity, spores given sonic treatment and heat-activated spores had high activities when assayed for this enzyme. Several parameters of GAD in heat-activated spores were examined. The effects of KCN, NaN(3), 2,4-dinitrophenol, and KF on(More)