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The ability of 11 chalcones with 3,4,5-trimethoxy substitution on ring A to inhibit the transport activity of P-glycoprotein was studied. Flow cytometry was applied in multidrug-resistant human mdr1 gene-transfected mouse lymphoma cells (L 5178 Y). The reversal of multidrug resistance (MDR) was investigated by measuring the accumulation of rhodamine-123 in(More)
The multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins that belong to the ATP-binding cassette superfamily such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and MRP1, are present in a majority of human tumors and constitute an important cause of therapeutic failure. Selective inhibitors of the MDR-efflux proteins may improve the effectiveness of cancer chemotherapy. Their mechanism of action(More)
BACKGROUND The multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins are present in a majority of human tumours. Their activity is important to understand the chemotherapeutic failure. A search for MDR-reversing compounds was conducted among various Betti-base derivatives of tylosin. METHODS Here, we evaluate the in vitro and in vivo P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-modulating(More)
Bacteria and cancer cells develop resistance to more than one agent as a consequence of being exposed to ineffective levels of the agent for a prolonged period of time. The resistance of these cells is mediated by over-expressed efflux pumps that have the ability to extrude a large variety of unrelated chemicals. This review discusses the main types of(More)
Several macrocyclic diterpenes with jatrophane or lathyrane skeletons were isolated from methanol extracts of Hungarian Euphorbia species and evaluated for multidrug resistance (MDR)-reversing activity on a human colon cancer cell line. MDR-reversing activity was tested by using a standard functional assay with Rhodamine 123 as a fluorescent substrate(More)
Many of the herbal extracts used in the Chinese clinical medical routine inhibit the growth of tumor cells. In the present work, extracts of 12 selected herbs were prepared with methanol, chloroform, ethyl acetate and water, and the effects of these on the multidrug resistance (MDR) and P-glycoprotein of mouse lymphoma cells transfected with the human mdr1(More)
Phospho-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a polytopic plasma membrane protein whose overexpression causes multidrug resistance (MDR) responsible for the failure of cancer chemotherapy. P-gp 170 is a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily and has two potentially interesting regions for drugs interfering with its efflux function, namely the(More)
Aspergillus tubingensis isolates collected from distant geographic areas were earlier classified into six groups on the basis of the mtDNA RFLP variability they exhibited (mtDNA types 2a–2f). In the present work, we investigated the reason for the intraspecific mtDNA variability and we describe here how this fungus, with a relatively small mitochondrial(More)
The resistance to chemotherapy of cancer cells is mediated by the overexpression of P-glycoprotein, as an ATP-dependent membrane efflux pump. Two families of compounds have been screened, the cinnamylidenecycloalkanones and cinnamylidenebenzocycloalkanones, as promising multidrug resistance (MDR) reversal agents on mouse lymphoma and human colon cancer(More)
The development of strategies intended to inhibit human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) immediate-early (IE) antigen expression is an important goal in research designed to prevent and treat certain forms of cancer. The aim of this study was to identify potent IE antigen-targeting natural compounds as antitumor promoters in an in vitro model of tumor promotion.(More)