Helenice Souza Spinosa

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Ivermectin, a mixture of 22,23-dihydroavermectin B1a (> or = 80%) and B1b (< or =20%), is produced by Streptomyces avermectilis, an actinomycete. It is a macrocyclic lactone disaccharide, a member of the avermectin family, and is used as an antiparasitic drug. Previous studies performed in our laboratory showed that doramectin, another avermectin drug,(More)
The effects of maternal exposure to fenvalerate during the prenatal and postnatal periods of sexual brain differentiation were studied in adult male offspring. Behavioral (open field, stereotyped, and sexual behaviors), physical (sexual maturation, body and organ weights), endocrine (testosterone levels), and neurochemical (striatal and hypothalamic(More)
The effects of daily prenatal exposure to 0.0, 0.7, 3.0 and 15.0 mg/kg of the aqueous extract (AQE) of Ipomoea carnea dried leaves on gestational days 5-21 were studied in rat pups and adult offspring. The physical and reflex developmental parameters, open-field, plus-maze, social interaction, forced swimming, catalepsy and stereotyped behaviors, as well as(More)
Previous research from our laboratory suggested that the administration of antihistaminics (H(1) receptor antagonists) to pregnant Wistar rats throughout pregnancy altered brain sexual differentiation and dopaminergic physiology of the offspring. In the present study, we assessed the effects of 20 mg/kg diphenhydramine (DPH) administration to pregnant rats(More)
Pyrethroid insecticides have recently been linked to endocrine disruption. Endocrine disrupting chemicals have been defined as exogenous agents that interfere with the synthesis, secretion, binding, action, or elimination of natural hormones in the body. Previous research conducted in our laboratory suggests that perinatal exposure to fenvalerate, a type-II(More)
Solanum lycocarpum St. Hil (Solanaceae) is a native shrub very common in the Brazilian savannah. This plant contains steroidal glycoalkaloids that can be transformed into an intermediate for steroidal drug production. In this way, it is very possible that these glycoalkaloids and its aglycone, once in the body by ingestion of S. lycocarpum fruits, may act(More)
The present study was performed to evaluate the long-term behavioral effect in offspring of a subteratogenic Cd dose administered by the oral route to Wistar rat during organogenesis. First, the teratogenic Cd dose was determined by treating pregnant rats with 20 mg/kg Cd from Day 6 to Day 14 of pregnancy and by visceral and skeletal analysis of their(More)
Solanum lycocarpum St. Hill is a common plant in the Brazilian savanna. This plant has an alkaloid with stereospecific configuration to the synthesis of steroid hormones. Since the plant may be consumed by pregnant animals, the present study was undertaken to determine the possible embryotoxic effects of S. lycocarpum fruit ingestion (3% added to the diet)(More)
Our present work investigated the effect of fenvalerate, a pyrethroid type II pesticide, on conditioned behaviors of rats. Pre-training administration of the pesticide did not modify passive avoidance but decreased active avoidance responses and operant conditioned responses; pre-training or pre-test administration of fenvalerate induced a facilitatory(More)
Astemizole (ATZ), a non-sedative antihistamine, which antagonize histamine at the level of H1 receptor, was administered daily to female Wistar rats as a 10-mg/kg dose throughout pregnancy. ATZ exposure reduced offspring body weight and delayed the pinna detachment and startle reflex without any modification of dams body weight during gestation. Long-term(More)