Helene H. Freiser

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Cyclooxygenase (COX-1/COX-2)-catalyzed eicosanoid formation plays a key role in inflammation-associated diseases. Natural forms of vitamin E are recently shown to be metabolized to long-chain carboxychromanols and their sulfated counterparts. Here we find that vitamin E forms differentially inhibit COX-2-catalyzed prostaglandin E(2) in IL-1beta-stimulated(More)
The metabolism of gamma-tocotrienol (gamma-TE) and gamma-tocopherol (gamma-T) was investigated in human A549 cells and in rats. Similar to gamma-T, A549 cells metabolized gamma-TE to sulfated 9'-, 11'-, and 13'-carboxychromanol and their unconjugated counterparts. After 72-h incubation with the cells, 90% of long-chain carboxychromanols in the culture media(More)
Although cell-based studies have shown that γ-tocotrienol (γTE) exhibits stronger anticancer activities than other forms of vitamin E including γ-tocopherol (γT), the molecular bases underlying γTE-exerted effects remains to be elucidated. Here we showed that γTE treatment promoted apoptosis, necrosis and autophagy in human prostate PC-3 and LNCaP cancer(More)
Fillets of 76 finfish species (293 composites of three fish) were obtained from commercial seafood vendors in six regions of the United States (i.e., Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, New England, Northwest, Southeast, and Southwest). Full fatty acid profiles were determined for each species and are presented here. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic(More)
The metabolism of vitamin E involves oxidation of the phytyl chain to generate the terminal metabolite 7,8-dimethyl-2-(beta-carboxyethyl)-6-hydroxychroman (CEHC) via intermediate formation of 13'-hydroxychromanol and long-chain carboxychromanols. Conjugated (including sulfated) metabolites were reported previously but were limited to CEHCs. Here, using(More)
Natural forms of vitamin E are metabolized by omega-hydroxylation and beta-oxidation of the hydrophobic side chain to generate urinary-excreted 2-(beta-carboxyethyl)-6-hydroxychroman (CEHC) and CEHC conjugates (sulfate, glucuronide, or glucoside). We recently showed that sulfated long-chain carboxychromanols, the conjugated intermediate beta-oxidation(More)
Fish has many health benefits but is also the most common source of methylmercury. The bioavailability of methylmercury in fish may be affected by other meal components. In this study, the effect of green tea on the bioavailability of methylmercury from an oral bolus of fish muscle tissue was studied in rats and compared to a water treated control group and(More)
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