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We evaluated the outcome in infants with esophageal atresia (EA) treated in our department over the last two decades. The medical records of 147 infants treated from 1986 to 2005 were reviewed. Patient characteristics, associated anomalies, surgery and complications were recorded. We divided the material into two time-periods: 1986–1995 and 1996–2005; 125(More)
BACKGROUND Serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) was first described in 2003 as a method for lengthening and tapering of the bowel in short bowel syndrome. The aim of this multicentre study was to review the outcome of a Swedish cohort of children who underwent STEP. METHODS All children who had a STEP procedure at one of the four centres of paediatric(More)
AIM Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) represents one of the gravest complications in premature infants. The suggested role of intestinal microbiota in the development of NEC needs to be elucidated. METHODS This prospective single-centre case-control study applied barcoded pyrosequencing to map the bacterial composition of faecal samples from extremely(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) represents one of the gravest complications in preterm infants and carries significant morbidity and mortality. Increased intestinal permeability may play an important role in the pathogenesis of NEC. In this study we investigated the genes regulating structural proteins such as tight junctions (TJ) and(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The optimal management of neonates with gastroschisis is unclear, and there is a significant morbidity. We performed a review of neonates with gastroschisis treated at our center of pediatric surgery over the last 21 years to determine predictive factors of outcome. METHODS Single-center retrospective analysis of 79 neonates with(More)
BACKGROUND Newborn infants with short bowel syndrome (SBS) represent a high-risk group of developing intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD), which may be fatal. However, infants have a great capacity for intestinal growth and adaptation if IFALD can be prevented or reversed. A major contributing factor to IFALD may be the soybean oil-based(More)
BACKGROUND Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a catastrophic disease of preterm infants, and microbial dysbiosis has been implicated in its pathogenesis. Studies evaluating the microbiome in NEC and preterm infants lack power and have reported inconsistent results. METHODS AND RESULTS Our objectives were to perform a systematic review and meta-analyses of(More)
BACKGROUND Intraperitoneal adhesions cause significant morbidity. They occur after peritoneal trauma, which induces oxidative stress with production of inflammatory cytokines, peroxidized proteins (carbonyls) and lipids (aldehydes). This study aimed to investigate if carbazate-activated polyvinyl alcohol (PVAC), an aldehyde-carbonyl inhibitor, can reduce(More)
The management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a major challenge. The mortality is dependent on associated malformations, the severity of pulmonary hypoplasia, pulmonary hypertension and iatrogenic lung injury associated with aggressive mechanical ventilation. The aims of the study were to investigate the mortality over time in a single(More)