Helene Birbes

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In rat uterine stromal cells (U(III) cells), an oxidative stress induced by H(2)O(2) caused a dose-dependent release of arachidonic acid (AA) that was independent of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration and was not inhibited by Ca(2+)-dependent phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) inhibitors, nor by protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors or by PKC down-regulation.(More)
The role of Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) in arachidonic (AA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid incorporation and phospholipid remodelling in rat uterine stromal cells (UIII cells) was studied. Incorporation of AA and DHA into UIII cell phospholipids was Ca2+-independent. Bromoenollactone (BEL), a potent inhibitor of iPLA2, reduced(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), a pleiotropic cytokine, activates both apoptotic and pro-survival signals depending on the cell model. Using ECV304 cells, which can be made TNFalpha-sensitive by cycloheximide (CHX) co-treatment, we evaluated the potential roles of ceramide and phospholipase D (PLD) in TNFalpha-induced apoptosis. TNFalpha/CHX induced(More)
The mechanisms underlying arachidonic acid (AA) release by uterine stromal (U(III)) cells were studied. Stimulation of AA release by calcium ionophore and PMA are inhibited by various PKC inhibitors and by calcium deprivation. These results suggest the involvement of an AA-specific cPLA2 as the release of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) from prelabelled cells is(More)
The phospholipase A 2 (PLA2) enzymes are now recognized to play a central role in cellular signaling mechanisms by regulating the synthesis of lipids mediators and the remodeling of phospholipid (PL) fatty acyl chains. We previously showed in rat uterine stromal cells (Uni) a very specific pattern in arachidonic acid (AA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)(More)
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