Helena Virtanen

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During the period from 1974 to 1981, surgery for acute mastoiditis was performed on 12 ears, giving an annual incidence of 0.004 per cent among cases of acute otitis media. All ears made a full long-term recovery. The low incidence is ascribed to the world-wide early use of antibiotics. During the same period 52 ears with secretory otitis media (SOM)(More)
The function of the Eustachian tube was tested preoperatively by sonotubometry in 100 ears subjected to surgery for chronic ear disease. 36 ears showed no tubal passage for sound during swallowing and the surgical intervention revealed cholesteatoma in 17 of these cases. In 64 cases sonotubometry gave positive results preoperatively and among these(More)
The aims of the study were to study the suitability of certain urogynecologic ultrasound parameters, e.g. descent of the urethrovesical (UV) junction on Valsalva, posterior urethrovesical (PUV) angle both at rest and on Valsalva, and funneling of the vesical neck, in the pre- and postoperative assessment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and to evaluate(More)
Opinion differ whether simple myringoplasty should be combined with mastoidectomy, which is claimed to provide a large air reservoir for the middle ear. Data are reported on 61 ears, 55 of which had reasonably normal tympanic mucosa but distinct chronic mastoid or epitympanic ear disease. Obliteration of the cavity was performed, combined with(More)
Given the important role of inflammation and the potential association of the leukocyte trafficking-associated adhesion molecule vascular adhesion protein 1 (VAP-1) with atherosclerosis, this study examined whether functional VAP-1 is expressed in atherosclerotic lesions and, if so, whether it could be targeted by positron emission tomography (PET). First,(More)
A prospective study of 102 women undergoing abdominal hysterectomy for benign conditions was performed in order to evaluate pre- and post-operative urinary and sexual symptoms. The mean age of the patients was 44.9 years (range 30-65). Urinary disorders such as urgency, dysuria, frequency, nocturia, slow bladder emptying, sensation of residual urine as well(More)
Sixteen patients with urinary tract fistulas (14 vesicovaginal and two ureterovaginal) following simple abdominal hysterectomy were treated over a period of 17 years. Most vesicovaginal fistulas were treated by a transvesical technique, which proved to be a comfortable and successful method in our hands. Closure of the fistula followed usually more than(More)
Specimens of middle ear effusion and adenoid tissue were studied for bacteria and pneumococcal capsular antigen in 107 patients with secretory otitis media. 120 of 163 middle ear effusion samples (73.6%) were negative on bacterial culture. Hemophilus influenzae was present in 9.2% and Streptococcus pneumoniae in 1.8%. Hemophilus influenzae was cultured from(More)
Thirty women experiencing posthysterectomy prolapse of the vaginal vault were treated with abdominal sacral colpopexy between 1984 and 1991. Lyodura (lyophilized cerebral dura mater allograft transplant) was used as the suspensory material in 81 percent and Gore-Tex (reinforced polytetrafluoroethylene) in 16 percent of the operations. There were no(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze which factors, including gynecological surgery in particular, contribute to the occurrence of pelvic relaxation. METHOD A retrospective analysis of 711 consecutive patients treated surgically for pelvic relaxation from 1983 to 1989 at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Turku University Central Hospital was undertaken. (More)