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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Patients with a clinical diagnosis of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA, formerly called Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome) often have mutations in PANK2, the gene encoding pantothenate kinase 2. We investigated correlations between brain MR imaging changes, mutation status, and clinical disease features. METHODS(More)
SUMMARY Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Imaging plays a critical role in evaluating patients suspected of acute stroke and transient ischemic attack, especially before initiating treatment. Over the past few decades, major advances have occurred in stroke imaging and treatment, including Food and Drug Administration approval of(More)
Lymphatic malformations can occur anywhere in the head and neck, and when they do so in the oral cavity, they can present a potential hazard to the airway. We describe a 4-year-old girl with a giant lymphatic malformation of the tongue and neck. This report illustrates the particular difficulties that may be encountered in cases involving giant lymphatic(More)
Previously, the hypoglossal nerve has not undergone intra-operative monitoring during neck operations in which the nerve is at risk. As society becomes increasingly litigious, this may change. This study describes the technique and the microvoltages used in 10 patients for intra-operative stimulation of the hypoglossal nerve with the Magstim nerve(More)
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