Helena Nissinen

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The study objective was to assess the efficacy, safety and feasibility of switching from levodopa/benserazide (LB) or levodopa/carbidopa (LC) to levodopa/carbidopa/entacapone (LCE) in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients with wearing-off. This was a multicenter, open-label, 6-week study; the primary outcome was success rate based on the patient-assessed(More)
BACKGROUND We analysed data from three clinical trials in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with wearing-off to determine whether early enhancement of levodopa therapy with entacapone can lead to better long-term outcomes than delayed entacapone treatment. METHODS Post-hoc analysis of pooled data from three randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled(More)
Levodopa treatment has been shown to increase plasma homocysteine levels in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients and this may lead to an increased risk for coronary arterial diseases. Levodopa is metabolised via O-methylation by catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) using S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) as the methyl donor, this leading to the subsequent formation(More)
This was a retrospective pooled analysis of data from four comparably designed, double-blind, placebo-controlled, Phase III studies and their long-term open-label extensions. Patients on levodopa and a dopa decarboxylase inhibitor (DDCI) were randomized to entacapone or to placebo in the 6-month, double-blind phase, with all patients subsequently receiving(More)
OBJECTIVE Although multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the most common causes of non-traumatic disability among young adults, no published data on its economic and health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) burden is available from Finland. The DEFENSE study aimed to estimate the costs and HRQoL of patients with MS (PwMS) in Finland and explore how these(More)
• As described in more detail in Ruutiainen et al. (2015), 553 Finnish persons with MS (PwMS) drawn from the membership register of the national patient society completed a postal survey, which aimed at determining the economic and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) burden of MS in Finland. • Survey questionnaire included self-administered EDSS and(More)
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