Helena M Kaija

Learn More
UNLABELLED In osteoclasts, TRACP co-localized with cathepsin K in transcytotic vesicles and was activated by cathepsin K in vitro, suggesting that TRACP may degrade organic matrix components in transcytotic vesicles in an event regulated by cathepsin K. INTRODUCTION TRACP is an enzyme with unknown biological function. In addition to its phosphatase(More)
Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) is highly expressed in bone-resorbing osteoclasts and activated macrophages. It has been suggested that a redox-active iron in the binuclear iron center of TRAP could have the capacity to react with hydrogen peroxide to produce highly destructive reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here we show that TRAP can generate(More)
Resistance to apoptosis is a critical feature of neoplastic cells. Galectin-1 is an endogenous carbohydrate-binding protein that induces death of leukemia and lymphoma cells, breast cancer cells, and the LNCaP prostate cancer cell line, but not other prostate cancer cell lines. To understand the mechanism of galectin-1 sensitivity of LNCaP cells compared(More)
Sex steroid hormone signaling regulates the development, growth, and functioning of the breast and the prostate and plays a role in the development and progression of cancer in these organs. The intracellular concentration of active sex steroid hormones in target tissues is regulated by several enzymes, including 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases(More)
Osteoclasts secrete tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP 5b) into the circulation. We have developed an immunoassay for the determination of rat TRACP 5b activity. Intra-assay variation of the immunoassay was 4.5%, interassay variation was 3.8%, dilution linearity was 104.6 +/- 7.6%, and recovery of recombinant rat TRACP was 99.1 +/- 5.8%. We(More)
The growth and function of the prostate is dependent on androgens. The two predominant androgens are testosterone, which is formed in the testis from androstenedione and 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone, which is formed from testosterone by 5alpha-reductases and is the most active androgen in the prostate. Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among(More)
Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) is an enzyme with unknown biological function. In human tissues, its expression is restricted to bone-resorbing osteoclasts and activated macrophages. Osteoclasts secrete TRAP to the circulation during bone resorption. Reduction of the enzyme's binuclear iron center is important in regulating its activity. The(More)
Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) is an enzyme expressed in bone-resorbing osteoclasts and certain tissue macrophages in human tissues. The functions of TRAP in biological systems are not known. Elucidation of the three-dimensional structure of the active site could yield important information about the physiological substrate(s) of the enzyme. We(More)
We previously demonstrated both mannose 6-phosphate receptor (MPR) and cathepsin L in early autophagic vacuoles of cultured rat fibroblasts. This suggested that the enzyme may originate either from the receptor-enriched prelysosomal compartment (PLC) or from the trans-Golgi network (TGN). In the present ultrastructural study, we elucidated the roles of the(More)
The crystal structure of purple acid phosphatase from rat bone has been determined by molecular replacement and the structure has been refined to 2.2 A resolution to an R -factor of 21.3 % (R -free 26.5 %). The core of the enzyme consists of two seven-stranded mixed beta-sheets, with each sheet flanked by solvent-exposed alpha-helices on one side. The two(More)