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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important regulator of angiogenesis and vascular permeability. Many types of malignant human tumors have been shown to produce VEGF. Recently, increased serum concentrations of VEGF (S-VEGF) have been reported in patients with various types of cancer, and high S-VEGF levels have also been associated with(More)
AIM In individuals with cerebral palsy (CP), cerebral insults during early development may induce profound reorganization of the motor representation. This study determined the extent of alterations in cortical somatosensory functions in adolescents with hemiplegic CP with subcortical brain lesions. METHOD We recorded somatosensory evoked magnetic fields(More)
BACKGROUND Vincristine is at least partly metabolized by CYP3A4. We have studied the possible effect of the CYP3A4-inducing antiepileptic agents carbamazepine and phenytoin on the pharmacokinetics of vincristine. METHODS Fifteen adult patients with brain tumors receiving combination chemotherapy with procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine volunteered(More)
Cerebral palsy (CP) is characterized by difficulty in control of movement and posture due to brain damage during early development. In addition, tactile discrimination deficits are prevalent in CP. To study the function of somatosensory and motor systems in CP, we compared the reactivity of sensorimotor cortical oscillations to median nerve stimulation in(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies have suggested that vitamin E and beta-carotene may each influence the development of prostate cancer. In the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study, a controlled trial, we studied the effect of alpha-tocopherol (a form of vitamin E) and beta-carotene supplementation, separately or together, on prostate(More)
An interdisciplinary European group of clinical experts in the field of movement disorders and experienced Botulinum toxin users has updated the consensus for the use of Botulinum toxin in the treatment of children with cerebral palsy (CP). A problem-orientated approach was used focussing on both published and practice-based evidence. In part I of the(More)
During the last quarter of the third year of follow-up in the Helsinki Heart Study, compliance to medication was measured in 1739 patients with digoxin used as a marker substance, capsule counting and a compliance questionnaire. The estimates for good and poor compliers were found to be highly dependent on the method and the cut-off points chosen for the(More)
In all 21 children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) underwent surgery involving selective posterior rhizotomy (SPR), followed by six months intensive physiotherapy (PT). Neurological and physiotherapeutic assessments were made one, three and five years after the operation. The children undergoing surgery were compared to 21 comparison children who took part(More)
OBJECTIVES Epidemiological studies have suggested a protective effect of vegetables and fruits on urinary tract cancer but the possible protective nutrients are unknown. We studied the effect of alpha-tocopherol (a form of vitamin E) and beta-carotene supplementation on urinary tract cancer in the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention (ATBC)(More)
1. To control the bias caused by poor medication compliance in the Helsinki Heart Study three methods were used to measure medication compliance during the total 5 years follow up time: continuous capsule counting, semi-annual urine gemfibrozil analysis and a new method, the digoxin marker at the end of the third and fifth study years. 2. The serum lipid(More)