Helena Karlström

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The differentiation potential of stem cells in tissues of the adult has been thought to be limited to cell lineages present in the organ from which they were derived, but there is evidence that some stem cells may have a broader differentiation repertoire. We show here that neural stem cells from the adult mouse brain can contribute to the formation of(More)
OBJECTIVE Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is the most common cause of early-onset dementia. Pathological ubiquitinated inclusion bodies observed in FTLD and motor neuron disease (MND) comprise trans-activating response element (TAR) DNA binding protein (TDP-43) and/or fused in sarcoma (FUS) protein. Our objective was to identify the causative gene(More)
In most parts of the peripheral nervous system galanin is expressed at very low levels. To further understand the functional role of galanin, a mouse overexpressing galanin under the platelet-derived growth factor-B was generated, and high levels of galanin expression were observed in several peripheral tissues and spinal cord. Thus, a large proportion of(More)
The presenilin (PS) proteins are components of the gamma-secretase activity, which is central in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Here we present a novel cell-based reporter gene assay for the quantification of PS-controlled gamma-secretase cleavage of the Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein (APP). We show that this assay offers several advantages,(More)
The enzyme complex γ-secretase generates amyloid β-peptide (Aβ), a 37-43-residue peptide associated with Alzheimer disease (AD). Mutations in presenilin 1 (PS1), the catalytical subunit of γ-secretase, result in familial AD (FAD). A unifying theme among FAD mutations is an alteration in the ratio Aβ species produced (the Aβ42/Aβ40 ratio), but the molecular(More)
Processing of the Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein (APP) into the amyloid beta-protein and the APP intracellular domain is a proteolysis event mediated by the gamma-secretase complex where presenilin (PS) proteins are key constituents. PS is subjected to an endoproteolytic cleavage, generating a stable heterodimer composed of an N-terminal and a(More)
Presenilins (PSs) are involved in processing several proteins such as the amyloid precursor protein (APP), as well as in pathways for cell death and survival. We previously showed that some familial Alzheimer's disease PS mutations cause increased basal and acetylcholine muscarinic receptor-stimulated phospholipase C (PLC) activity which was gamma-secretase(More)
Mitochondria are physically and biochemically in contact with other organelles including the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Such contacts are formed between mitochondria-associated ER membranes (MAM), specialized subregions of ER, and the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM). We have previously shown increased expression of MAM-associated proteins and enhanced(More)