Helena Kahu

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The development of immunological tolerance to orally fed antigens depends on the sampling, processing and transportation events followed in the intestinal epithelium. We present here a description of a "tolerosome": a supra-molecular, exosome-like structure assembled in and released from the small intestinal epithelial cell. The tolerosome is a(More)
In the present study we have investigated if transfer of serum from rats fed ovalbumin (OVA) leads to specific tolerance and bystander suppression in recipient animals. Rats that received serum from OVA-fed donors had a lower delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction (DTH) both against OVA and the bystander antigen, human serum albumin (HSA), compared with(More)
We have previously demonstrated that rats fed ovalbumin (OVA) develop a tolerogenic activity in serum, which upon transfer induces tolerance to OVA and suppression of the immune response to a bystander antigen. Here, we have extended these studies and analysed if the tolerogenic activity in serum could suppress an established immune response in the(More)
We have previously reported that vitamin A deficiency resulted in a reduced IgA antibody response to cholera toxin (CT) after per-oral immunization. In the present investigation we have studied the in vivo and in vitro immune response in vitamin A-deficient rats to two parenterally applied antigens, beta-lactoglobulin (beta-LG) and picrylsulphonic acid(More)
The authors studied the influence of vitamin A deficiency on immediate and delayed type hypersensitivity as well as granulocyte-mediated inflammatory reactions in vitamin A depleted and control rats. The number of circulating leucocytes was 43% higher in the vitamin A deficient than in the control animals. The leucocytosis was a result of a general increase(More)
We have investigated the consequences of vitamin A deficiency in a rat model of T-cell-dependent and superantigen-mediated Staphylococcus aureus arthritis. After intravenous inoculation of enterotoxin A-producing staphylococci, the vitamin-A-deficient rats showed a decreased weight gain compared with the paired fed controls despite equal food consumption.(More)
BACKGROUND Mucosal immunity protects the epithelial barrier by immune exclusion of foreign antigens and by anti-inflammatory tolerance mechanisms, but there is a continuing debate about the role of secretory immunoglobulins (SIgs), particularly SIgA, in the protection against allergy and other inflammatory diseases. Lack of secretory antibodies may cause(More)
To investigate the importance of vitamin A in the ability to respond to oral antigen administration, rats were fed a vitamin A-free diet. The animals were immunized perorally three times with a mixture of cholera toxin (CT) and a commercial cholera vaccine. The total immunoglobulin A (IgA) concentration as well as the specific IgA anti-CT antibody levels in(More)
We studied the immune response and the colonization pattern in vitamin A-deficient rats that were colonized with the Escherichia coli O6 K13 pOmp 21 strain, which is genetically manipulated to produce ovalbumin and to be resistant to ampicillin. In the vitamin A-deficient rats, the number of bacteria per gram of feces was about five times higher than in the(More)
We wanted to investigate the immunological events occurring in rats intestinally colonized from birth (neonatally) or at adult age with an ovalbumin (OVA)-producing Escherichia coli O6K13 strain, carrying type 1 pili. The neonatally colonized animals responded with lower delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) against OVA and lower levels of IgG antibodies(More)