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Within the European multi-centre MyoAge project, one workpackage was designed to investigate the contribution of age-related changes to muscle mass, contractile characteristics and neural control in relation to reductions in mobility in older age. The methodology has been described here. Test centres were located in Manchester, UK; Paris, France; Leiden,(More)
SUMMARY Currently used diagnostic measures for sarcopenia utilize different measures of muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance. These diagnostic measures associate differently to bone mineral density (BMD), as an example of muscle-related clinical outcome. These differences should be taken into account when studying sarcopenia. (More)
The purposes of the present study were to determine muscle strength and power output characteristics in a group of professional soccer players and to identify their relationships with 2 functional performance tests (vertical jumping height and 15-m sprint time). Maximal strength and power indices attained against different loads in barbell back squat(More)
This study assessed low back muscle fatigue during Sørensen back endurance test in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients and healthy controls, and investigated relationship between the erector spinae muscle fatigability and subject's anthropometric characteristics. Four groups (n = 10 per group) of middle-aged (47-52-year-old) subjects participated: 1)(More)
This study compared postactivation potentiation (PAP) in knee extensor muscles after a 10 s conditioning isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) in female power- (PT, n=12) and endurance-trained (ET, n=12) athletes, and untrained (UT, n=12) women aged 20-24 years. Isometric twitch characteristics of the knee extensor muscles were assessed in pre-MVC(More)
Twitch potentiation in knee extensor (KE) muscles after a 7-s conditioning isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC trial), submaximal (25% MVC) voluntary contraction (SVC trial) and submaximal tetanic contraction (25% MVC) induced by percutaneous electrical stimulation at 100 Hz (PES trial) was compared in 12 men aged 19-25 years. Isometric twitch(More)
The neural and muscular changes during fatigue produced in repeated submaximal static contractions of knee extensors were measured. Three groups of differently adapted male subjects (power-trained, endurance-trained and untrained, 15 in each) performed the exercise that consisted of 10 trials of submaximal static contractions at the level of 40% of maximal(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to measure knee extension strength and vertical jumping performance characteristics in nordic combined athletes. METHODS Unilateral knee extension isometric maximal force (MF) and rate of force development (RFD) were measured by a special dynamometer, and unilateral isokinetic peak torque (PT) at angular velocities(More)
AIMS This study examined lower limb performance in older sedentary patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS Fourteen female patients with mild to moderate PD and 12 age-matched controls were included in this study. The force preparation and production of the knee extensor muscles during maximal isometric contraction were measured by dynamometric(More)
The lower extremity performance in elderly female patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease (PD; n = 12) and controls (n = 16) was compared. Isometric dynamometry and force-plate measurements were used. PD patients had lower (p < .05) bilateral (BL) maximal isometric leg-extension force (MF), BL isometric MF relative to body mass, and maximal rate(More)