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Within the European multi-centre MyoAge project, one workpackage was designed to investigate the contribution of age-related changes to muscle mass, contractile characteristics and neural control in relation to reductions in mobility in older age. The methodology has been described here. Test centres were located in Manchester, UK; Paris, France; Leiden,(More)
This study compared postactivation potentiation (PAP) in knee extensor muscles after a 10 s conditioning isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) in female power- (PT, n=12) and endurance-trained (ET, n=12) athletes, and untrained (UT, n=12) women aged 20-24 years. Isometric twitch characteristics of the knee extensor muscles were assessed in pre-MVC(More)
Twitch potentiation in knee extensor (KE) muscles after a 7-s conditioning isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC trial), submaximal (25% MVC) voluntary contraction (SVC trial) and submaximal tetanic contraction (25% MVC) induced by percutaneous electrical stimulation at 100 Hz (PES trial) was compared in 12 men aged 19-25 years. Isometric twitch(More)
This study assessed low back muscle fatigue during Sørensen back endurance test in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients and healthy controls, and investigated relationship between the erector spinae muscle fatigability and subject's anthropometric characteristics. Four groups (n = 10 per group) of middle-aged (47-52-year-old) subjects participated: 1)(More)
The neural and muscular changes during fatigue produced in repeated submaximal static contractions of knee extensors were measured. Three groups of differently adapted male subjects (power-trained, endurance-trained and untrained, 15 in each) performed the exercise that consisted of 10 trials of submaximal static contractions at the level of 40% of maximal(More)
The fatigue-related changes in soleus motoneuron pool reflex excitability and surface electromyography (EMG) parameters, and maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force of the plantarflexor (PF) muscles during repeatedly sustained low- (30% MVC) vs. high-intensity (70% MVC) isometric contractions were evaluated Twelve young men with mean (+/- SE) age of 22.4(More)
The purposes of the present study were to determine muscle strength and power output characteristics in a group of professional soccer players and to identify their relationships with 2 functional performance tests (vertical jumping height and 15-m sprint time). Maximal strength and power indices attained against different loads in barbell back squat(More)
This study compared twitch contractile properties of plantar flexor muscles among three groups of 12 subjects each: endurance and power trained athletes and untrained subjects. The posterior tibial nerve was stimulated by supramaximal square wave pulses of 1-ms duration. Power trained athletes had higher twitch maximal force, maximal rates of force(More)
It is known that adipose tissue mass increases with age, and that a number of hormones, collectively called adipokines, are produced by adipose tissue. For most of them it is not known whether their plasmatic levels change with age. Moreover, it is known that adipose tissue infiltration in skeletal muscle is related to sarcopenia and loss of muscle(More)
AIMS This study examined lower limb performance in older sedentary patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS Fourteen female patients with mild to moderate PD and 12 age-matched controls were included in this study. The force preparation and production of the knee extensor muscles during maximal isometric contraction were measured by dynamometric(More)