Helena Evans

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The intervertebral disc is a highly organized matrix laid down by relatively few cells in a specific manner. The central gelatinous nucleus pulposus is contained within the more collagenous anulus fibrosus laterally and the cartilage end plates inferiorly and superiorly. The anulus consists of concentric rings or lamellae, with fibers in the outer lamellae(More)
Autologous chondrocyte implantation is being used increasingly for the treatment of cartilage defects. In spite of this, there has been a paucity of objective, standardised assessment of the outcome and quality of repair tissue formed. We have investigated patients treated with autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI), some in conjunction with(More)
Monoclonal antibodies have been used to study the presence and distribution of various components of the proteoglycan molecule in the intervertebral disc and cartilage endplate. Link protein, hyaluronic acid binding region, keratan sulphate and chondroitin 4- and 6-sulphate have been investigated in tissues from humans and other mammals. Exposure of the(More)
Intervertebral disc (IVD) cells within the annulus fibrosus (AF) and nucleus pulposus (NP) maintain distinct functional extracellular matrices and operate within a potentially noxious and stressful environment. How disc cells respond to stress and whether stress is responsible for triggering degeneration is unknown. Disc cell proliferation and cluster(More)
Inflammation and irritation of the nerve roots has been indicated as an important factor in the pain associated with symptomatic disc herniations. Tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) is now believed to be involved in this pathway. TNFα causes connective tissue cells in culture to synthesise a glycoprotein, TNFα-stimulated gene-6 (TSG-6). TSG-6 is found in(More)
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