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The fabrication, assembly, and initial testing of a hybrid microfabricated gas chromatograph (microGC) is described. The microGC incorporates capabilities for on-board calibration, sample preconcentration and focused thermal desorption, temperature-programmed separations, and "spectral" detection with an integrated array of microsensors, and is designed for(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine which features of muscle mechanics and muscle coordination affect the power output from a limb during locomotion. Eight subjects were tested while cycling at maximum exertion for 25 min on a stationary dynamometer. Cadence and load were varied to span a range of power outputs and myoelectric activity was measured(More)
This paper proposes a modified nonlinear viscoelastic Bilston model (Bilston et al., 2001, Biorheol., 38, pp. 335-345). for the modeling of brain tissue constitutive properties. The modified model can be readily implemented in a commercial explicit finite element (FE) code, PamCrash. Critical parameters of the model have been determined through a series of(More)
Recently, the dispersion of mannitol powders has demonstrated the importance of particle size, air flow and inhaler device (Chew and Chan, 1999). The aim of the present study is to extend our investigation to a different compound, disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) powders. Solid state characteristics of the powders were assessed by particle sizing, scanning(More)
Dry powder inhalers for eformoterol fumarate dihydrate, a long-acting beta-2 agonist for bronchodilation, are currently available as the Foradile Aerolizer and the Oxis Turbuhaler. The two products are different in the formulation, the aerosol production mechanism, and the device resistance to air flow. These disparities are likely to lead to different(More)
The electrophoretic mobilities of three beta-blocker drugs, practolol, timolol and propranolol, have been measured in electrolyte systems with mixed binary and ternary water-methanol-ethanol solvents with acetic acid/sodium acetate as buffer using capillary electrophoresis. The highest mobilities for the analytes studied have been observed in pure aqueous,(More)
The mole fraction solubility of a poorly water soluble loop diuretic, furosemide, was determined in aqueous binary mixtures of ethanol, propylene glycol, and glycerol from 0% to 100% cosolvent concentrations at 25 degrees C. Solubility predictions based on the minimum number of experimental data points were performed using the commonly used accurate(More)
To show the applicability of a solution model, i.e. the Jouyban-Acree model, for predicting the solubility of a solute in ternary solvent systems based on model constants computed using solubility data of the solute in binary solvent systems, the solubility of salicylic acid in water-ethanol, water-propylene glycol, ethanol-propylene glycol mixtures was(More)
This paper describes a Hong Kong MTR Corporation subway project to enhance and extend the current Webbased Engineering Works and Traffic Information Management System (ETMS) with an intelligent “AI Engine.” The challenge is to be able to fully and accurately encapsulate all the necessary domain and operation knowledge on subway engineering works and to be(More)
The applicability of the combined nearly ideal binary solvent/Redlich-Kister (CNIBS/R-K) equation for quantification of solvent effects on the stability of a solute is shown employing the experimental data of three solutes in different aqueous binary solvents. The proposed model provides a simple computational method to correlate/predict the instability(More)