Helena Caria

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Quercetin, a mutagenic flavonoid widely distributed in edible plants, was studied for the induction of micronuclei (MN). We have carried out the MN assay in bone marrow polychromatic erythrocytes in mice, in cytokinesis-blocked human lymphocytes and in cytokinesis-blocked V79 cells. MN assay in vitro was performed in the presence and in the absence of S9.(More)
In order to evaluate the predisposition to the aneuploidy-inducing agent colchicine (Col) on lymphocytes from trisomic 21 patients compared with their parents and with a control group of subjects without trisomic children, we performed the micronucleus (MN) assay associated with C-banding, CREST staining, and nucleolar organizing region (NOR)-banding.(More)
Low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss (LFSNHL) is an unusual type of HL in which frequencies at 2,000 Hz and below are predominantly affected. Most of the families with LFSNHL carry missense mutations in WFS1 gene, coding for wolframin. A Portuguese patient aged 49, reporting HL since her third decade of life, and also referring tinnitus, was shown to(More)
Mutations in the GJB2 gene are a major cause of non-syndromic recessive hearing loss in many countries. In a significant fraction of patients, only monoallelic GJB2 mutations known to be either recessive or of unclear pathogenicity are identified. This paper reports a novel GJB2 mutation, -3438C-->T, found in the basal promoter of the gene, in trans with(More)
Hearing loss (HL) is a common condition with both genetic and environmental causes, and it greatly impacts global health. The prevalence of HL is reportedly higher in developing countries such as the Sub-Saharan African island of São Tomé and Príncipe, where the deaf community is estimated to be less than 1% of the population. We investigated the role of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the spectrum and prevalence of mutations in the GJB2 gene in Portuguese nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss (NSSHL) patients. DESIGN Sequencing of the coding region, basal promoter, exon 1, and donor splice site of the GJB2 gene; screening for the presence of the two common GJB6 deletions. STUDY SAMPLE A cohort of 264 Portuguese(More)
Inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP; EC 2.4.2.30), such as 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB), can be used to assess the role of the enzyme in the induction of DNA lesions in euploid cells as compared to cells of genetic conditions known to exhibit increased susceptibility to chemical or physical mutagens, such as Down's syndrome (DS) lymphocytes. We report(More)
Hereditary hearing loss (HL) is a very heterogeneous trait, with 46 gene identifications for non-syndromic HL. Mutations in GJB2 cause up to half of all cases of severe-to-profound congenital autosomal recessive non-syndromic HL, with 35delG being the most frequent mutation in Caucasians. Although a genotype-phenotype correlation has been established for(More)
Mutations in GJB2 gene (encoding connexin 26) are the most common cause of hereditary non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss (NSSHL) in different populations. The majority of GJB2 mutations are recessive, but a few dominant mutations have been associated with hearing loss either isolated or associated with skin disease. We describe a novel dominant(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) A7445G point mutation has been shown to be responsible for familial nonepidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma (NEPPK) associated with deafness without any additional features. To date, only a few cases have been described. We report a Portuguese pedigree presenting an inherited combination of NEPPK and sensorineural deafness(More)