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Mutations in the GJB2 gene are a major cause of non-syndromic recessive hearing loss in many countries. In a significant fraction of patients, only monoallelic GJB2 mutations known to be either recessive or of unclear pathogenicity are identified. This paper reports a novel GJB2 mutation, -3438C-->T, found in the basal promoter of the gene, in trans with(More)
Hereditary hearing loss (HL) is a very heterogeneous trait, with 46 gene identifications for non-syndromic HL. Mutations in GJB2 cause up to half of all cases of severe-to-profound congenital autosomal recessive non-syndromic HL, with 35delG being the most frequent mutation in Caucasians. Although a genotype-phenotype correlation has been established for(More)
Low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss (LFSNHL) is an unusual type of HL in which frequencies at 2,000 Hz and below are predominantly affected. Most of the families with LFSNHL carry missense mutations in WFS1 gene, coding for wolframin. A Portuguese patient aged 49, reporting HL since her third decade of life, and also referring tinnitus, was shown to(More)
Quercetin, a mutagenic flavonoid widely distributed in edible plants, was studied for the induction of micronuclei (MN). We have carried out the MN assay in bone marrow polychromatic erythrocytes in mice, in cytokinesis-blocked human lymphocytes and in cytokinesis-blocked V79 cells. MN assay in vitro was performed in the presence and in the absence of S9.(More)
Mutations in GJB2 gene (encoding connexin 26) are the most common cause of hereditary non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss (NSSHL) in different populations. The majority of GJB2 mutations are recessive, but a few dominant mutations have been associated with hearing loss either isolated or associated with skin disease. We describe a novel dominant(More)
In order to evaluate the predisposition to the aneuploidy-inducing agent colchicine (Col) on lymphocytes from trisomic 21 patients compared with their parents and with a control group of subjects without trisomic children, we performed the micronucleus (MN) assay associated with C-banding, CREST staining, and nucleolar organizing region (NOR)-banding.(More)
Inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP; EC 2.4.2.30), such as 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB), can be used to assess the role of the enzyme in the induction of DNA lesions in euploid cells as compared to cells of genetic conditions known to exhibit increased susceptibility to chemical or physical mutagens, such as Down's syndrome (DS) lymphocytes. We report(More)
A possible predisposition to aneuploidy in trisomic 21 individuals, their parents, and a control group was evaluated. Peripheral blood lymphocytes from those three groups were used to study the induction of micronuclei (MN) by mitomycin C, cyclophosphamide, and quercetin. Induced MN were further analysed by C-banding and CREST antibody. Trisomic 21(More)
Mutations in the GJB2 gene account for up to 50% of hereditary nonsyndromic hearing loss in several populations. Over 200 mutations are already described in this gene, and three of them, c.35delG, c.167delT, and c.235delC, are the most frequent in Caucasians, Ashkenazi Jews, and Asians, respectively. Most of GJB2 hearing loss-related mutations are(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) A7445G point mutation has been shown to be responsible for familial nonepidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma (NEPPK) associated with deafness without any additional features. To date, only a few cases have been described. We report a Portuguese pedigree presenting an inherited combination of NEPPK and sensorineural deafness(More)