Helena A. Kwakwa

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African Americans are disproportionately infected with HIV/AIDS. Despite Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines recommending routine opt-out testing for HIV, most HIV screening is based on self-perceived HIV risks. Philadelphia launched a rapid HIV testing program in seven public health clinics in 2007. The program provides free rapid(More)
BACKGROUND African American women are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. Concurrent sexual partnerships may contribute to racial disparities in HIV infection. Little is known about attitudes and practices related to concurrency among African American women, or the social, structural and behavioural factors influencing concurrency. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Of 1174 new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cases diagnosed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 2008, a total of 771 (66%) were among African Americans. Philadelphia recently introduced a citywide rapid HIV testing program in public clinics. METHODS We conducted a qualitative study among 60 African Americans undergoing rapid HIV testing in one(More)
African Americans face disproportionately higher risks of HIV infection. Concurrent sexual relationships, or sexual partnerships that overlap in time, are more common among African Americans than individuals of other races and may contribute to racial disparities in HIV infection. However, little is known about attitudes, norms and practices among(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper evaluates gender differences in CD4 cell counts at human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis of an African-born population receiving care for HIV infection in a publicly financed clinic setting in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in comparison with a non-African, foreign-born cohort in the same setting. METHODS Records of foreign-born(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the tumor suppressor gene p53 have been associated with resistance to ionizing radiation and chemotherapy. Paclitaxel and concurrent radiation (paclitaxel/RT) achieve high response rates with locally advanced nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). In vitro data and animal studies suggest that paclitaxel may have a unique ability to(More)
Approximately three million persons in the United States are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), a blood-borne pathogen that is an increasing cause of liver disease and mortality in the United States. Treatments for HCV are curative, of short duration, and have few associated side effects, increasing the importance of identifying HCV-infected persons.(More)
OBJECTIVE An estimated 2.7-3.9 million Americans are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Despite being the most common blood-borne virus in the United States, routine HCV testing is not commonly practiced. To address this gap, we measured the impact of integrated routine HCV testing on patient care. METHODS As part of CDC's Hepatitis Testing and(More)
The African-American community has been disproportionately affected HIV/AIDS, as noted by higher reported rates of HIV infection, higher proportion of AIDS cases, and more deaths caused by complications of AIDS than whites and other ethnic groups. In addition, epidemiologic trends suggest that African Americans with HIV infection are more often diagnosed(More)