Helen W Sullivan

Learn More
OBJECTIVE This study tested whether forming implementation intentions is an effective strategy for attaining health goals focused on trying to avoid a negative state. DESIGN Participants chose to either eat more healthy snacks (i.e., an approach goal) or eat fewer unhealthy snacks (i.e., an avoidance goal) over two weeks and were randomly assigned to(More)
OBJECTIVE Many Internet users seek health information through online health communities (OHCs) and other social media. Yet few studies assess how individuals use peer-generated health information, and many healthcare providers (HCPs) believe OHCs interfere with patient-provider relationships. This study explored how individuals use OHC content in clinical(More)
Numerous studies in man and animals suggest that beta-adrenergic receptors stimulate pancreatic polypeptide (PP) release whereas alpha-adrenergic receptors inhibit PP release. This study was undertaken to further clarify the role of the adrenergic nervous system in regulating PP release. We evaluated the effects of stellatectomy and celiacectomy on resting(More)
BACKGROUND Internet-based cancer risk assessment tools have the potential to inform the public about cancer risk and promote risk-reducing behaviors. However, poorly communicated information on these websites may result in unintended adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE This study examined whether: (1) Internet-based cancer risk assessment tools use risk(More)
This study examined how Internet-based cancer risk calculators presented individualized risk estimates to the public. The 47 calculators varied in their use of empirically-supported risk communication strategies. The type of organization responsible for the website (government, cancer center, etc) was associated with differential use of risk communication(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the nutrition-related cancer prevention attitudes of low-income African American women, determine whether a nutrition education program can alter these attitudes, and determine whether these attitudes are related to diet and dietary changes. METHOD One-hundred and fifty-seven African American women from Washington, D.C. public(More)
BACKGROUND In 2006, the US Food and Drug Administration reorganized the approved label format and content for prescription drugs -also known as the prescribing information (PI). This research examines primary care physicians' use of the new PI and how it may influence their perceptions about prescription drugs. METHODS A total of 500 physicians responded(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated whether presenting prescription drug efficacy information in direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising helps individuals accurately report a drug's benefits and, if so, which numerical format is most helpful. METHODS We conducted a randomized, controlled study of individuals diagnosed with high cholesterol (n=2807) who viewed fictitious(More)
BACKGROUND Federal regulations specify that print advertisements for prescription drugs and biological products must provide a true statement of information "in brief summary" about each advertised product's "side effects, contraindications, and effectiveness." Some of the current approaches to fulfilling the brief summary requirement, although adequate(More)
In two studies, we examined the role of perceived fulfillment of parental expectations in the subjective well-being of college students. In Study 1, we found that American college students reported having higher levels of life satisfaction and self-esteem than did Japanese college students. American college students also reported having fulfilled parental(More)