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  • H Vastardis
  • 2000
The important role of genetics has been increasingly recognized in recent years with respect to the understanding of dental anomalies, such as tooth agenesis. The lack of any real insight into the cause of this condition has led us to use a human molecular genetics approach to identify the genes perturbing normal dental development. We are reporting a(More)
We demonstrate that a mutation in the homeobox gene, MSX1, causes a common developmental anomaly, familial tooth agenesis. Genetic linkage analyses in a family with autosomal dominant agenesis of second premolars and third molars identified a locus on chromosome 4p, where the MSX1 gene resides. Sequence analyses demonstrated an Arg31Pro missense mutation in(More)
Previously, we found that the cause of autosomal dominant selective tooth agenesis in one family is a missense mutation resulting in an arginine-to-proline substitution in the homeodomain of MSX1. To determine whether the tooth agenesis phenotype may result from haploinsufficiency or a dominant-negative mechanism, we have performed biochemical and(More)
Surgical correction of unilateral coronal synostosis offers a unique opportunity to examine the molecular differences between an abnormal and a normal cranial suture. We isolated and identified a cDNA fragment whose expression was up-regulated in the premature fusing and fused coronal sutures, as compared with normal coronal sutures. The nucleotide sequence(More)
Cephalometric radiographs, a key element of orthodontic diagnosis, contain useful information related to the cervical spine often neglected by orthodontists and medical specialists. This article reviews cervical spine anatomy in a manner that will enable the clinician to trace the cervical spine accurately and detect cervical spine abnormalities. Examples(More)
OBJECTIVE This histomorphometric study compared the open and prematurely fused side of the coronal suture in subjects with unilateral coronal synostosis (UCS). METHODS Sutures and parasutural bone were obtained from seven subjects with nonsyndromic UCS during operative correction at 3 to 24 months of age. Histological and cellular analyses were performed(More)
OBJECTIVES Odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) are developmental cysts that have been reclassified according World Health Organization (WHO), to keratocystic odontogenic tumours (KCOTs), a term that better reflects their neoplastic nature. The aim of present study is to evaluate the induction of stress of the endoplasmic reticulum and execution of the resulting(More)
Serial sections of eleven human mandibles of embryos and fetuses ranging in size from 18 mm CRL to 66 mm CRL were computer-graphically reconstructed. The extension of the Meckel cartilage and the mandibular bony structures were morphometrically studied. In emphasis the study encompassed measurements portraying length, width, dorsal opening angle, and the(More)
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