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Toxins from the venom of the African green mamba, Dendroaspis angusticeps, fulfill a major need for selective ligands for some of the five genetically defined subtypes of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (m1-m5). Two toxins have been found that are highly selective antagonists for m1 and m4 receptors (m1-toxin and m4-toxin, respectively). Two other toxins(More)
m1-Toxin is the only ligand which is known to bind specifically to the extracellular face of genetically defined m1 muscarinic receptors; it binds pseudoirreversibly. A variety of studies were performed to evaluate the usefulness of m1-toxin as a selective antagonist of m1 receptors. Exposure of slices of the rat cerebral cortex to m1-toxin in physiological(More)
The hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF) co-ordinates the response of tumours to low oxygen by stimulating genes involved in metabolism and angiogenesis. HIF pathway activation is associated with decreased progression-free survival and increased mortality; compounds that target this pathway are potential agents for the treatment of a range of solid(More)
Gastric cancers present late in life with advanced disease and carry a poor prognosis. Polo-like Kinase 1 (PLK1) is a mitotic kinase with regulatory functions during G2/M and mitosis in the cell cycle. In mammalian cells, there is an intricate co-regulatory relationship between PLK1 and the forkhead transcription factor FOXM1. It has been demonstrated that(More)
We present the results for the predicted density and peculiar velocity fields and the dipole from the PSCz survey of 15,000 IRAS galaxies over 84% of the sky. We find a significant component to the dipole arising between 6000 and 15, 000 km s −1 , but no significant component from greater distances. The misalignment with the CMB is 20 •. The most remarkable(More)
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