Helen R. Morrin

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The caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 15 (CARD15) plays a crucial role in mediating the innate immune response. Mutations within this protein have been shown to be independent risk factors for the development of Crohn's disease in Caucasians. As Crohn's disease patients are at increased risk of developing sporadic colorectal cancer, it is(More)
Angiogenesis is essential for tumour growth and metastasis. It is controlled by angiogenic factors, one of the most important being vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A. Although its role has been demonstrated in many tumour types including colorectal carcinoma (CRC), the importance of the newer family members in adenoma, invasive tumour growth, and(More)
AIM To report on the development of a central resource of consented cancer tissues for researchers to use for ethically approved projects, and to describe the banking process. METHODS The development of tissue banking in Christchurch, New Zealand is described, including the number and main types of samples collected. The consent forms have evolved with(More)
We performed immunohistochemical analysis of 3 cancer stem cell-related markers (CD44(+)/CD24(-/low), aldehyde dehydrogenase [ALDH]-1, CD133) in 94 invasive ductal carcinomas and assessed relationships with markers of hypoxia (carbonic anhydrase IX [CAIX]), tumor microvessel density (CD31), and clinicopathologic variables. Overall, 10% of tumors were(More)
PURPOSE The G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR) and its ligand peptide adrenomedullin (encoded by ADM gene) are implicated in tumor angiogenesis in mouse models but poorly defined in human cancers. We therefore investigated the diagnostic/prognostic use for CLR in human tumor types that may rely on adrenomedullin(More)
AIMS The proliferation marker Ki67 has been extensively investigated as a prognostic factor in breast cancer, but has not gained widespread clinical acceptance. Phosphohistone H3 is a new immunohistochemical marker for quantifying mitoses; however, there is limited information on its prognostic value in breast cancer. In this study, we performed a(More)
Findings of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) studies of cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and breast cancer vary, making it difficult to determine whether either, both, or neither virus is causally associated with breast cancer. We investigated CMV and EBV in paired samples of breast cancer and normal breast tissue from 70 women using(More)
New Zealand Māori have a poorer outcome from breast cancer than non-Māori, yet prognostic data are sparse. The objective of this study was to quantify levels of prognostic factors in a cohort of self-declared Māori and European breast cancer patients from Christchurch, New Zealand. Clinicopathological and survival data from 337 consecutive breast cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor D (VEGF-D) induces angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. Nodal metastasis is recognised as a powerful prognostic marker in breast carcinoma, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this process are unknown. Although it has been suggested that VEGF-D may regulate nodal metastasis, this is based largely on animal(More)
In the early hours of September 4, 2010, the city of Christchurch in New Zealand was awakened by a major magnitude 7.1 earthquake event that was the start of a series of earthquake swarms. By January 2012, the city had sustained over 10,000 earthquakes and aftershocks, including 4 major events. New Zealand is positioned along the geological Pacific Rim of(More)