Helen Navaline

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Our objective was to determine the prevalence and incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and related risk behaviors among opiate-abusing intravenous drug users (IVDUs) either in or out of methadone treatment. The subjects, 152 in-treatment and 103 out-of-treatment intravenous opiate users, were followed prospectively for 18 months.(More)
Recent studies have reported on the utility of audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI) in surveys of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk behaviors that involve a single assessment. This paper reports the results of a test of ACASI within a longitudinal study of HIV risk behavior and infection. Study participants (gay men (n = 1,974) and(More)
OBJECTIVE As the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic among drug users enters its third decade in the United States, it is important to consider the role playing by substance abuse treatment in the prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. METHODS The authors review the research literature, examining findings from studies(More)
Our primary objective during this pilot work has been to determine if the computerized RAB can be used in place of the paper-and-pencil version with an IDU population. As stated, reliability estimates in the form of correlations of risk scores between the two versions ranged from .82 to .94, and percentages of exact agreement of the scoreable items ranged(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the willingness of intravenous drug users to participate in a preventive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vaccine efficacy trial. METHODS Of the 347 intravenous drug users in methadone treatment who were approached for participation, 257 completed a battery of self-administered questionnaires assessing(More)
Opportunistic infections (OIs) were first recognized among injection drug users (IDUs) in New York City in 1981. By the mid-1980s, OIs had become associated with HIV infection, and attention began to focus on efforts to prevent HIV transmission among IDUs. Since then, a range of prevention strategies has been implemented and evaluated in an attempt to(More)
These data are internally consistent and lead to several conclusions, as follows: Elevated levels of psychiatric symptoms were found among IDUs in methadone treatment as compared to their counterparts who were out of treatment. IVDUs who entered treatment had higher symptom levels than those who did not enter treatment. Higher symptom levels were found(More)
High rates of unprotected sexual behaviors and the exchange of sex for crack have been reported among female crack cocaine users. This subpopulation of drug users is at significant risk for contracting and transmitting HIV and AIDS. To date, there has been no research comparing crack- and opioid-abusing women, particularly regarding their involvement in(More)
Since first recognition of the scope of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome epidemic among the drug-using community, substance abuse treatment has been viewed as playing an important role in preventing new infections. In the past 20 years, many studies have documented significantly lower rates of drug use, drug-related risk behaviors, and human(More)