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Glucose transporter-1 deficiency syndrome is caused by mutations in the SLC2A1 gene in the majority of patients and results in impaired glucose transport into the brain. From 2004-2008, 132 requests for mutational analysis of the SLC2A1 gene were studied by automated Sanger sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. Mutations in the(More)
Adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of purine metabolism resulting from mutations in the ADSL gene on chromosome subband 22q13.1 and associated with a wide range of clinical manifestations. Although there is currently no effective treatment of ADSL deficiency, recognition of the condition is important, because prenatal(More)
Adrenomyeloneuropathy is a peroxisomal disorder that causes demyelination, with no proven therapy. Oral modified cobratoxin was assessed in a double-blind, randomized, crossover study of eight patients. Treatment was well tolerated. There were no significant improvements with therapy. The authors do not confirm previous anecdotal reports of dramatic(More)
Isolated complex I deficiency is the most commonly reported enzyme defect in paediatric mitochondrial disorders, and may arise due to mutations in nuclear-encoded structural or assembly genes, or the mitochondrial genome. We present the clinical, biochemical and molecular genetic data in a young girl whose clinical picture is dominated by chronic renal(More)
Mitochondrial Complex IV [cytochrome c oxidase (COX)] deficiency is one of the most common respiratory chain defects in humans. The clinical phenotypes associated with COX deficiency include liver disease, cardiomyopathy and Leigh syndrome, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by bilateral high signal lesions in the brainstem and basal ganglia. COX(More)
OBJECTIVES This UK-wide study defines the natural history of argininosuccinic aciduria and compares long-term neurological outcomes in patients presenting clinically or treated prospectively from birth with ammonia-lowering drugs. METHODS Retrospective analysis of medical records prior to March 2013, then prospective analysis until December 2015. Blinded(More)
Purpose Peroxisomes perform complex metabolic and catabolic functions essential for normal growth and development. Mutations in 14 genes cause a spectrum of peroxisomal disease in humans. Most recently, PEX11B was associated with an atypical peroxisome biogenesis disorder (PBD) in a single individual. In this study, we identify further PEX11B cases and(More)
BACKGROUND Uncooked corn-starch (UCCS) has been the mainstay of therapy for the hepatic glycogen storage diseases (GSD) but is not always effective. A new starch (WMHMS) has demonstrated a more favourable short-term metabolic profile. OBJECTIVE To determine efficacy and safety of a new uncooked starch (WMHMS) compared to UCCS over 16 weeks treatment with(More)
The m.3243A>G point mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA(Leu(UUR)) (MTTL1) gene is a common cause of mitochondrial DNA disease and is associated with a variety of clinical presentations. A different mutation occurring at the same site - an m.3243A>T transversion - is less prevalent, but has previously been observed in two patients with encephalopathy and(More)
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