Helen Marshall

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BACKGROUND Since 2006 Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has become available to adolescent girls and women in an increasing number of countries, to protect against the virus causing cervical cancer. The vaccine series is offered in three doses over 6 months, and this study aimed to identify factors associated with initiation and/or completion of the 3(More)
We performed a two-stage genome screen to search for novel risk factors for late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). The first stage involved genotyping 292 affected sibling pairs using 237 markers spaced at approximately 20 cM intervals throughout the genome. In the second stage, we genotyped 451 affected sibling pairs (ASPs) with an additional 91 markers, in(More)
CONTEXT In the ongoing influenza pandemic, a safe and effective vaccine against 2009 influenza A(H1N1) is needed for infants and children. OBJECTIVE To assess the immunogenicity and safety of a 2009 influenza A(H1N1) vaccine in children. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Randomized, observer-blind, age-stratified, parallel group study assessing 2 doses(More)
Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE; insulysin; EC 3.4.24.56) is a 110-kDa neutral metallopeptidase that can degrade a number of peptides including β-amyloid. The gene encoding IDE is located on chromosome 10 close to a region of linkage for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) and thus is a functional and positional candidate for this disorder. We analysed all(More)
Acellular vaccines against Bordetella pertussis were introduced in Australia in 1997. By 2000, these vaccines had replaced whole-cell vaccines. During 2008-2012, a large outbreak of pertussis occurred. During this period, 30% (96/320) of B. pertussis isolates did not express the vaccine antigen pertactin (Prn). Multiple mechanisms of Prn inactivation were(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to determine the range and extent of neurologic complications due to pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 infection (pH1N1'09) in children hospitalized with influenza. METHODS Active hospital-based surveillance in 6 Australian tertiary pediatric referral centers between June 1 and September 30, 2009, for children aged <15 years with(More)
BACKGROUND Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MnB) is a significant cause of invasive meningococcal disease. Factor H binding protein (also known as LP2086) is a conserved outer membrane neisserial lipoprotein that has emerged as a strong candidate protein antigen for MnB vaccination. This study examined the safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of an(More)
Immunogenicity and safety of a novel combined Haemophilus influenzae type b-Neisseria meningitidis serogroups C and Y-tetanus-toxoid conjugate vaccine (Hib-MenCY-TT) candidate was evaluated when co-administered with DTPa-HBV-IPV(Pediarix)+PCV7(Prevnar) at 2-4-6 months of age. Anti-PRP concentrations >or= 1.0 microg/mL were observed in 92.9-98.7%,(More)
BACKGROUND Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B is a major cause of invasive meningococcal disease, but a broadly protective vaccine is not currently licensed. A bivalent recombinant factor H-binding protein vaccine (recombinant lipoprotein 2086) has been developed to provide broad coverage against diverse invasive meningococcus serogroup B strains. Our aim(More)
OBJECTIVE A vaccine to prevent human papilloma virus (HPV) infection has been licensed recently in the United States of America and Australia. The aim of this study was to assess community attitudes to the introduction of HPV vaccine in the State of South Australia. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was conducted by computer-aided telephone interviews in(More)