Helen M. Pettersson

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Lung cancer is the worldwide leading cause of death from cancer. Tobacco usage is the major pathogenic factor, but all lung cancers are not attributable to smoking. Specifically, lung cancer in never-smokers has been suggested to represent a distinct disease entity compared to lung cancer arising in smokers due to differences in etiology, natural history(More)
Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) is toxic to multidrug-resistant neuroblastoma cells in vivo and in vitro. In neuroblastoma, As2O3 does not exert its cell death-promoting effects via a classical apoptotic pathway. A death mechanism involving proteolytic cleavage of Bax to a p18 form seems to be of importance, because inhibition of Bax cleavage coincides with(More)
Despite intensive treatment, the outcome of high-risk neuroblastoma patients is poor with acquired multidrug resistance as an important cause. Previously, our group has shown that arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) kills multidrug-resistant neuroblastoma cells in vitro and in vivo at clinically tolerable doses. Regions of tissue hypoxia often arise in aggressive(More)
Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is an extremely aggressive form of cancer and current treatment protocols are insufficient. SCLC have neuroendocrine characteristics and show phenotypical similarities to the childhood tumor neuroblastoma. As multidrug-resistant neuroblastoma cells are highly sensitive to arsenic trioxide (As2O3) in vitro and in vivo, we(More)
Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is extremely aggressive and frequently metastasizes widely in its early stage. Because tumor hypoxia is related to aggressive tumor behavior and the hypoxic adaptation of SCLC is poorly documented, we stained SCLC tumors arranged in a tissue microarray for hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α and HIF-2α proteins. We found an(More)
In various tumors inactivation of growth control is achieved by interfering with the RB1 signaling pathway. Here, we describe that RB1 and γ-tubulin proteins moderate each other's expression by binding to their respective gene promoters. Simultaneous reduction of RB1 and γ-tubulin protein levels results in an E2F1-dependent up-regulation of apoptotic genes(More)
The majority of aggressive forms of the childhood tumor neuroblastoma can with current treatment protocols not be cured and possess a major challenge in pediatric oncology. After initial rounds of chemotherapy, surgery and irradiation, which in most cases result in tumor regression, these aggressive neuroblastomas relapse and frequently develop drug(More)
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