Helen M. Acland

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Encephalomycarditis virus recovered from a pig mortality in New South Wales was used to produce experimental infections. Of 34 pigs exposed, 17 died and a further 7 were found to have severe heart lesions when killed. Deaths occurred from 2 to 11 days after exposure with a mode of approximately 3 days. Ten of 11 pigs exposed by intramuscular injection died(More)
Between January 1997 and March 1998, 11 cases of H7N2 avian influenza (nonpathogenic) were diagnosed at the Laboratory of Avian Medicine and Pathology, Kenneth Square, PA. These cases involved either commercial leghorn laying hens or leghorn pullets raised in Pennsylvania. Grossly and histologically, the most striking lesion associated with disease was(More)
The tissue distribution and cellular localization of viral antigens in three cattle with persistent bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection was studied. In three cases, necropsy findings of oral ulcers, abmasal ulcers and necrosis of Peyer's patches were suspected have been caused by BVDV infection. Non-cytopathic BVDV was isolated from a tissue pool(More)
Fifteen chickens, five broilers and ten layers, from the Pennsylvania 1983 outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus infection, were examined. Gross lesions in the broilers were limited to serosal petechiae and dehydration. In the layers there was comb edema, vesiculation, and necrosis. Microscopic lesions were mild to severe diffuse(More)
Six foals of three different breeds, born to healthy mares, appeared normal at birth, and died at two to five days of age with icterus, ataxia, head pressing, and terminal hepatic coma. Their livers were less than one-half normal weight. Most of the liver was dark red-brown and slightly rubbery. Histologically, these areas were characterized by severe bile(More)
After contagious equine metritis bacteria were inoculated into the uterus of mares, genital tract tissues were examined for presence of the organism by bacteriologic cultural technique and an indirect immunofluorescent staining technique. Up to 14 days after mares were inoculated, the organism was frequently in the lumen of the uterus and in the cervix and,(More)