Helen L Robinson

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Most studies of the gender pay gap use cross-section earnings functions to apply a Oaxaca decomposition into the contributions of differences in characteristics and coefficients. But the accounts that these studies provide of the gender pay gap are often hard to relate to more informal stories told about the sources of women’s disadvantage in the labour(More)
In an Australian population of 1.2 million, we screened 1977 intellectually handicapped persons, who were identified through the public schools and sheltered workshops, for the X-linked semidominant fragile X syndrome. We excluded 527 because they had another known diagnosis. The remaining 1450 were offered chromosomal analysis. Of the 1117 who consented(More)
Mortality was studied among 348 males and 433 females who had or who carried the gene for the fragile X syndrome. The average age of death was about 12 years lower than in the general population for both men and women but this was likely a bias of ascertainment. The commonest causes of death were cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and malignant disease similar(More)
We examined premutation-female transmissions and premutation-male transmissions of the FMR1 CGG repeat to carrier offspring, to identify factors associated with instability of the repeat. First we investigated associations between parental and offspring repeat size. Premutation-female repeat size was positively correlated with the risk of having(More)
Reductions in activity of SSIII, the major isoform of starch synthase responsible for amylopectin synthesis in the potato tuber, result in fissuring of the starch granules. To discover the causes of the fissuring, and thus to shed light on factors that influence starch granule morphology in general, SSIII antisense lines were compared with lines with(More)
A detailed map of genetic markers was constructed around the gene for the X-linked mental retardation syndrome of Börjeson-Forssman-Lehmann (BFLS). A multipoint linkage map of framework markers across Xq26-27, based on CEPH families, was integrated with the physical map, based on a YAC contig, to confirm marker order. The remaining genetic markers, which(More)
BACKGROUND Ministers of health, donor agencies, philanthropists, and international agencies will meet at Bamako, Mali, in November, 2008, to review global priorities for health research. These individuals and organisations previously set health priorities for WHO, either through its regular budget or extra-budgetary funds. We asked what insights can be(More)
A clinical score based on the manifestations of the fragile(X) syndrome has been formulated and applied to all individuals included in a fragile(X) case finding program in New South Wales. The total score can vary from 0 to 10. Individuals are scored 0, 1, or 2 in each of 5 categories considered indicative of the fragile(X) phenotype: family history of(More)
AIMS This study evaluated guideline concordance and time to administration of antibiotics in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in a private Australian emergency department (ED). Two key components in the management of CAP are timely administration and appropriate choice of antibiotic therapy. The use of antibiotics outside of guidelines can potentially(More)