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We compared the effects of focussed attention upon event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to peripherally and centrally located visual stimuli in congenitally deaf subjects (Ss). The results were compared with those obtained from a group of normal hearing Ss in the same paradigm. ERPs from deaf and hearing Ss displayed similar attention-related changes with(More)
Theoretical considerations and psycholinguistic studies have alternatively provided criticism and support for the proposal that semantic and grammatical functions are distinct subprocesses within the language domain. Neurobiological evidence concerning this hypothesis was sought by (1) comparing, in normal adults, event-related brain potentials (ERPs)(More)
Animal studies have shown that sensory deprivation in one modality can have striking effects on the development of the remaining modalities. Although recent studies of deaf and blind humans have also provided convincing behavioural, electrophysiological and neuroimaging evidence of increased capabilities and altered organization of spared modalities, there(More)
Changes in several postnatal maturational processes during neural development have been implicated as potential mechanisms underlying critical period phenomena. Lenneberg hypothesized that maturational processes similar to those that govern sensory and motor development may also constrain capabilities for normal language acquisition. Our goal, using a(More)
This functional magnetic resonance imaging study investigated the impact of early auditory deprivation and/or use of a visuospatial language [American sign language (ASL)] on the organization of neural systems important in visual motion processing by comparing hearing controls with deaf and hearing native signers. Participants monitored moving flowfields(More)
The effects of focussed attention to peripherally and centrally located visual stimuli were compared via an analysis of event-related brain potentials (ERPs) while subjects detected the direction of motion of a white square in a specified location. While attention to both peripheral and foveal stimuli produced enhancements of the early ERP components, the(More)
We employed event-related brain potentials (ERPs) and measures of signal detectability to compare attention to peripheral and central visual stimuli in normal hearing subjects who were born to deaf parents (HD Ss) and whose first language was American Sign Language (ASL). The results were compared with those obtained from normal hearing Ss and congenitally(More)
Despite reports of improved auditory discrimination capabilities in blind humans and visually deprived animals, there is no general agreement as to the nature or pervasiveness of such compensatory sensory enhancements. Neuroimaging studies have pointed out differences in cerebral organization between blind and sighted humans, but the relationship between(More)
Subjects aged 5 to 26 years listened to and read (7 to 26 years) sentences that ended either with a highly expected (best completion) or a semantically inappropriate (anomalous completion) word. Event-related potentials (ERPs) to sentence final words displayed effects of contextual priming in both modalities in all age groups. Early and late ERP components(More)
Cerebral organization during sentence processing in English and in American Sign Language (ASL) was characterized by employing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at 4 T. Effects of deafness, age of language acquisition, and bilingualism were assessed by comparing results from (i) normally hearing, monolingual, native speakers of English, (ii)(More)