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OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence and correlates of psychiatric disorders among preschool children in a primary care pediatric sample. METHOD In a two-stage design, 3,860 preschool children were screened; 510 received fuller evaluations. RESULTS For quantitative assessment of disorder (> or = 90th percentile), prevalence of behavior problems was(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the stability of psychiatric disorders with onset in preschool years. METHOD Five hundred ten children aged 2 through 5 years enrolled initially, with 344 participating in a third wave of data collection 42 through 48 months later. The test batteries used for diagnoses varied by child's age, but they included the Child Behavior(More)
Few studies have examined the epidemiology of preschoolers' psychopathology. This study included 796 4-year-old children recruited from schools and pediatric practices in a diverse, urban area. Psychiatric disorder was assessed by a structured interview adapted for preschool children and by questionnaire. The most common disorders were oppositional defiant(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the correlates and predictors of stability and change in psychiatric disorder occurring among preschool children in a nonpsychiatric, primary care pediatric sample. METHOD Five hundred ten children aged 2 through 5 years were enrolled; 344 participated in a third wave of data collection 42 through 48 months later. Consensus diagnoses(More)
OBJECTIVE While studies of the effects of prenatal smoking on child psychopathology have found positive relationships, most studies (1) failed to control for a range of correlates of maternal smoking that could affect children's behavior; (2) have been conducted with school-age rather than younger children, so it is not clear when such problems emerge; and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if a nurse-led or psychologist-led parent-training program was more successful than a minimal intervention in treating early childhood Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) in pediatric primary care. METHODS Twenty-four practices were randomized to conditions in which parents of 117, 3- to 6.11-year-olds with ODD received the(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the stability and change in oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) with onset among preschool children in a pediatric sample. METHOD A total of 510 children aged 2-5 years were enrolled initially in 1989-1990 (mean age 3.42 years); 280 participated in five waves of data collection over a period of 48 to 72 months (mean wave 5 age, 8.35(More)
This report summarizes a conference: "Early Origins of Child Obesity: Bridging Disciplines and Phases of Development", held in Chicago on September 30-October 1, 2010. The conference was funded in part by the National Institutes of Health and the Williams Heart Foundation, to achieve the conference objective: forging a next-step research agenda related to(More)
Little attention has been paid to evaluating the use of DSM-III-R with preschool children. Children (N = 510) ages 2 to 5 years who were screened at the time of a pediatric visit were selected to participate in an evaluation which included questionnaires, a semistructured interview, developmental testing, and a play observation. Following the evaluation,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between psychopathology and health care utilization beginning in the preschool (ages 2 to 5) years. METHOD Five hundred ten preschool children were enrolled through 68 primary care physicians. The test battery used for diagnoses included the Child Behavior Checklist, a developmental evaluation, the Rochester Adaptive(More)