Learn More
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence and correlates of psychiatric disorders among preschool children in a primary care pediatric sample. METHOD In a two-stage design, 3,860 preschool children were screened; 510 received fuller evaluations. RESULTS For quantitative assessment of disorder (> or = 90th percentile), prevalence of behavior problems was(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the stability of psychiatric disorders with onset in preschool years. METHOD Five hundred ten children aged 2 through 5 years enrolled initially, with 344 participating in a third wave of data collection 42 through 48 months later. The test batteries used for diagnoses varied by child's age, but they included the Child Behavior(More)
Few studies have examined the epidemiology of preschoolers' psychopathology. This study included 796 4-year-old children recruited from schools and pediatric practices in a diverse, urban area. Psychiatric disorder was assessed by a structured interview adapted for preschool children and by questionnaire. The most common disorders were oppositional defiant(More)
Plants grown in lead contaminated soils can accumulate lead from the adherence of dust and translocation into the plant tissue. In order to evaluate the potential health hazard due to the consumption of plants grown in residential gardens contaminated by lead, a survey of the lead concentrations in a typical array of edible vegetables, fruits and herbs was(More)
This study uses geostatistical techniques to model and estimate soil lead levels in an urban, residential neighborhood. Sixty-two composite soil samples (median 1773 ppm; range 175 to 7953 ppm) in a four-block area of brick and stone homes were obtained. The spatial continuity of soil lead levels was modeled with a semi-variogram, which was then used to(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of and possible risk factors for overweight in a sample of 5- to 6-year-old Hispanic (predominantly Mexican American) children in Chicago, Illinois, to see if overweight is more common in more highly acculturated immigrant families. There were 250 kindergarten students (92% of those eligible)(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the correlates and predictors of stability and change in psychiatric disorder occurring among preschool children in a nonpsychiatric, primary care pediatric sample. METHOD Five hundred ten children aged 2 through 5 years were enrolled; 344 participated in a third wave of data collection 42 through 48 months later. Consensus diagnoses(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the extent of parental knowledge about lead poisoning and its prevention and to determine characteristics associated with accurate lead knowledge. SETTING Twenty-three pediatric practices and 1 family practice in Chicago, Ill, and its suburbs. METHODS A 24-question test regarding lead poisoning and its prevention (Chicago Lead(More)
BACKGROUND Although an inability to speak English is recognized as an obstacle to health care in the United States, it is unclear how clinicians alter their diagnostic approach when confronted with a language barrier (LB). OBJECTIVE To determine if a LB between families and their emergency department (ED) physician was associated with a difference in(More)
OBJECTIVE This study explored parents' perceptions about their child's appearance and health and evaluated a tool to determine parents' visual perception of their child's weight. METHODS Parents of children aged 2 to 17 years were surveyed concerning their child's appearance and health and opinions about childhood overweight. They also selected the sketch(More)