Helen I'anson

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This study records the length of hospital stay of 50 total knee arthroplasty patients involved in an accelerated postoperative rehabilitation protocol, and a control group of patients undergoing routine rehabilitation. This protocol involved modifications to normal knee replacement procedure, including infiltration of bupivacaine and adrenaline to the(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether the previously observed effects of photoperiod on body weight in Siberian hamsters were due to changes in the daily patterns of locomotor activity, energy expenditure, and/or feeding behavior. Adult males were monitored through a seasonal cycle using an automated comprehensive laboratory animal monitoring(More)
We investigated whether histaminergic tone contributes to the seasonal catabolic state in Siberian hamsters by determining the effect of ablation of histaminergic neurons on food intake, metabolic rate and body weight. A ribosomal toxin (saporin) conjugated to orexin-B was infused into the ventral tuberomammillary region of the hypothalamus, since most(More)
The present study aims to clarify the role of fatty acids in regulating pulsatile LH secretion in rats. To produce an acute central lipoprivic condition, mercaptoacetate (MA), an inhibitor of fatty acids oxidation, was administered into the fourth cerebroventricle (4V) in ad libitum fed ovariectomized (OVX) rats (0.4, 2, and 10 micromol/rat) with or without(More)
Acute central lipoprivation suppresses pulsatile luteinizing hormone (LH) release and increases blood glucose levels through noradrenergic input to the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) in female rats. The present study was conducted to identify adrenergic receptor subtypes involved in central lipoprivation-induced suppression of pulsatile LH(More)
The genes encoding prokineticin 2 polypeptide (Prok2) and its cognate receptor (Prokr2/Gpcr73l1) are widely expressed in both the suprachiasmatic nucleus and its hypothalamic targets, and this signaling pathway has been implicated in the circadian regulation of behavior and physiology. We have previously observed that the targeted null mutation of Prokr2(More)
Fasting-induced LH suppression is augmented by estrogen in female rats. We investigated the temporal changes in the number of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha)-immunoreactive (ir) cells in various brain regions in ovariectomized rats fasted for 6, 24, 30, and 48 h, commencing at 1300 h. We also determined the anatomical relationship of ERalpha(More)
The present study examined the effect of acute lipoprivation on pulsatile luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in both normal-fat diet, ad libitum-fed and fasted female rats. To produce an acute lipoprivic condition, mercaptoacetate (MA), an inhibitor of fatty acid oxidation, was administered intraperitoneally to ad libitum-fed or 24-h fasted ovariectomized(More)
In the present study, we determined the involvement of brainstem catecholaminergic inputs to the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) on estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) expression in this nucleus during conditions of 48-h fasting, 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2DG)-induced acute glucoprivation and 1-h immobilization, in ovariectomized rats. Our approach was to examine the(More)