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To characterize the changes in LH pulse frequency during the transition to breeding season. LH pulse patterns and serum progesterone profiles were determined in 8 intact ewes from mid-anoestrus to the early breeding season. Overall, 8 increases in LH pulse frequency were observed and these were restricted to 5 ewes. Of the 8 increases, 7 occurred during the(More)
A transient increase in serum progesterone concentrations (to 1 ng/ml for 1-2 days) is observed in the majority of ewes before the first estrous cycle of the breeding season. To determine whether such a brief antecedent rise in progesterone ensures initiation of a full-length cycle by the next LH surge, synthetic GnRH was administered for 3 days to 24(More)
This study records the length of hospital stay of 50 total knee arthroplasty patients involved in an accelerated postoperative rehabilitation protocol, and a control group of patients undergoing routine rehabilitation. This protocol involved modifications to normal knee replacement procedure, including infiltration of bupivacaine and adrenaline to the(More)
The present study determined whether exposure to gonadal steroids in utero dictates the postnatal control of gonadotropin secretion in the lamb. There is a marked sex difference in the timing of neuroendocrine sexual maturation in sheep; while male lambs undergo a reduction in sensitivity to inhibitory gonadal steroid feedback by 10 weeks of age, females(More)
In the present study, we determined the involvement of brainstem catecholaminergic inputs to the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) on estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) expression in this nucleus during conditions of 48-h fasting, 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2DG)-induced acute glucoprivation and 1-h immobilization, in ovariectomized rats. Our approach was to examine the(More)
Growth retardation induced by dietary restriction results in hypogonadotropism, and thus, puberty is delayed. The present studies determined 1) whether reduced LH secretion in the growth-retarded condition is due to a reduction in the frequency and/or in the amplitude of GnRH secretion, and 2) whether the mechanism regulating LH secretion is being actively(More)
We tested the hypothesis that hindbrain catecholamine (norepinephrine or epinephrine) neurons, in addition to their essential role in glucoprivic feeding, are responsible for suppressing estrous cycles during chronic glucoprivation. Normally cycling female rats were given bilateral injections of the retrogradely transported ribosomal toxin, saporin,(More)
In female sheep, photoperiod regulates the timing of the transition to adulthood. We tested the hypothesis that photoperiod very early in development influences the timing of the pubertal LH rise that initiates sexual maturation. The first experiment was designed to determine the influence of day length information perceived before birth by varying prenatal(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether the previously observed effects of photoperiod on body weight in Siberian hamsters were due to changes in the daily patterns of locomotor activity, energy expenditure, and/or feeding behavior. Adult males were monitored through a seasonal cycle using an automated comprehensive laboratory animal monitoring(More)