Helen I'anson

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We tested the hypothesis that hindbrain catecholamine (norepinephrine or epinephrine) neurons, in addition to their essential role in glucoprivic feeding, are responsible for suppressing estrous cycles during chronic glucoprivation. Normally cycling female rats were given bilateral injections of the retrogradely transported ribosomal toxin, saporin,(More)
This study records the length of hospital stay of 50 total knee arthroplasty patients involved in an accelerated postoperative rehabilitation protocol, and a control group of patients undergoing routine rehabilitation. This protocol involved modifications to normal knee replacement procedure, including infiltration of bupivacaine and adrenaline to the(More)
Glutamate and aspartate have been hypothesized to function as neurotransmitters in the regulation of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurosecretory system. We, therefore, determined if hypothalamic stimulation of luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in the intact prepubertal female lamb could be achieved by intravenous injection of(More)
To characterize the changes in LH pulse frequency during the transition to breeding season. LH pulse patterns and serum progesterone profiles were determined in 8 intact ewes from mid-anoestrus to the early breeding season. Overall, 8 increases in LH pulse frequency were observed and these were restricted to 5 ewes. Of the 8 increases, 7 occurred during the(More)
In spring-born female lambs, the long days of summer, followed by their gradual decrease, provide the seasonal cue necessary to time puberty to early autumn (approximately 30 wk of age). Male lambs begin spermatogenesis during mid-summer, some 20 wk before puberty occurs in females. Unlike young female lambs, male lambs attain puberty at the same age under(More)
A transient increase in serum progesterone concentrations (to 1 ng/ml for 1-2 days) is observed in the majority of ewes before the first estrous cycle of the breeding season. To determine whether such a brief antecedent rise in progesterone ensures initiation of a full-length cycle by the next LH surge, synthetic GnRH was administered for 3 days to 24(More)
Growth retardation induced by dietary restriction results in hypogonadotropism, and thus, puberty is delayed. The present studies determined 1) whether reduced LH secretion in the growth-retarded condition is due to a reduction in the frequency and/or in the amplitude of GnRH secretion, and 2) whether the mechanism regulating LH secretion is being actively(More)
The present study determined whether exposure to gonadal steroids in utero dictates the postnatal control of gonadotropin secretion in the lamb. There is a marked sex difference in the timing of neuroendocrine sexual maturation in sheep; while male lambs undergo a reduction in sensitivity to inhibitory gonadal steroid feedback by 10 weeks of age, females(More)
Estrogen-dependent enhancement of glucoprivic-induced luteinizing hormone (LH) suppression is hypothesized to be due to increased estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha)-immunoreactive (ir) cells in specific brain nuclei in a manner similar to fasting. ERalpha expression in various brain areas was determined in ovariectomized rats after systemic 2-deoxy-D-glucose(More)