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Although symmetrical and asymmetrical divisions of stem cells have been extensively studied in invertebrate and mammalian neural epithelia, their role remains largely unknown in mammalian non-neural epithelial development, regeneration and tumorigenesis. Here, using basal and luminal cell-specific markers and cell lineage tracing transgenic mice, we report(More)
The human gene Ptpn11, which encodes the tyrosine phosphatase Shp2, may act as a proto-oncogene because dominantly activating mutations have been detected in several types of leukemia. Herein we report a tumor-suppressor function of Shp2. Hepatocyte-specific deletion of Shp2 promotes inflammatory signaling through the Stat3 pathway and hepatic(More)
The stem cell factor (SCF)/Kit system has served as a classic model in deciphering molecular signaling events in the hematopoietic compartment, and Kit expression is a most critical marker for hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and progenitors. However, it remains to be elucidated how Kit expression is regulated in HSCs. Herein we report that a cytoplasmic(More)
The molecular mechanism underlying adipogenesis and the physiological functions of adipose tissue are not fully understood. We describe here a unique mouse model of severe lipodystrophy. Ablation of Ptpn11/Shp2 in adipocytes, mediated by aP2-Cre, led to premature death, lack of white fat, low blood pressure, compensatory erythrocytosis, and hepatic(More)
Hematopoietic development occurs in complex microenvironments and is influenced by key signaling events. Yet how these pathways communicate with master hematopoietic transcription factors to coordinate differentiation remains incompletely understood. The transcription factor RUNX1 plays essential roles in definitive hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) ontogeny,(More)
In mammals, leptin regulates food intake and energy balance mainly through the activation of LepRb in the hypothalamus, and estrogen has a leptin-like effect in the hypothalamic control of metabolism. However, it remains to be elucidated how estrogen signaling is intertwined with the leptin pathway. We show here that Shp2, a nonreceptor tyrosine(More)
Here, a protocol to quantify epithelial early common progenitor/stem cells grown as spheres in non-adherent culture conditions is described. This protocol is based on the combination of two functional tests: the sphere assay to maintain and enrich early progenitor/stem cells, and the epithelial colony-forming cells (E-CFC) assay to identify and quantify(More)
Fungal infection stimulates the canonical C-type lectin receptor (CLR) signaling pathway via activation of the tyrosine kinase Syk. Here we identify a crucial role for the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 in mediating CLR-induced activation of Syk. Ablation of the gene encoding SHP-2 (Ptpn11; called 'Shp-2' here) in dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages impaired(More)
Clustering of the high affinity IgE receptor (Fc(epsilon)RI) in mast cells leads to degranulation and production of numerous cytokines and lipid mediators that promote allergic inflammation. Initiation of FFc(epsilon)RI signaling involves rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of Fc(epsilon)RI and membrane-localized adaptor proteins that recruit additional SH2(More)
Bile acid (BA) biosynthesis is tightly controlled by intrahepatic negative feedback signaling elicited by BA binding to farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and also by enterohepatic communication involving ileal BA reabsorption and FGF15/19 secretion. However, how these pathways are coordinated is poorly understood. We show here that nonreceptor tyrosine phosphatase(More)