Helen H J McMiken

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InhA is a well validated Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) target as evidenced by the clinical success of isoniazid. Translating enzyme inhibition to bacterial cidality by targeting the fatty acid substrate site of InhA remains a daunting challenge. The recent disclosure of a methyl-thiazole series demonstrates that bacterial cidality can be achieved with(More)
dTDP-6-deoxy-L-lyxo-4-hexulose reductase (RmlD) catalyzes the final step in the conversion of dTDP-D-glucose to dTDP-L-rhamnose in an NAD(P)H- and Mg2+-dependent reaction. L-rhamnose biosynthesis is an antibacterial target. The structure of RmlD from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium has been determined, and complexes with NADH, NADPH, and(More)
Human thymidine phosphorylase (HTP), also known as platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor (PD-ECGF), is overexpressed in certain solid tumors where it is linked to poor prognosis. HTP expression is utilized for certain chemotherapeutic strategies and is also thought to play a role in tumor angiogenesis. We determined the structure of HTP bound to(More)
An imidazole series of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors has been developed. Protein inhibitor structure determination has provided an understanding of the emerging structure activity trends for the imidazole series. The introduction of a methyl sulfone at the aniline terminus led to a more orally bioavailable CDK inhibitor that was progressed into(More)
Moxifloxacin has shown excellent activity against drug-sensitive as well as drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB), thus confirming DNA gyrase as a clinically validated target for discovering novel anti-TB agents. We have identified novel inhibitors in the pyrrolamide class which kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis through inhibition of ATPase activity catalyzed by(More)
The product of gene 0.3 of bacteriophage T7, ocr, is a potent inhibitor of type I DNA restriction and modification enzymes. We have used biophysical methods to examine the mass, stability, shape and surface charge distribution of ocr. Ocr is a dimeric protein with hydrodynamic behaviour equivalent to a prolate ellipsoid of axial ratio 4.3 +/- 0.7:1 and mass(More)
A novel series of 5-aminopyrimidinyl quinazolines has been developed from anilino-quinazoline 1, which was identified in a high throughput screen for Aurora A. Introduction of the pyrimidine ring and optimisation of the substituents both on this ring and at the C7 position of the quinazoline led to the discovery of compounds that are highly specific Aurora(More)
L-Rhamnose is an essential component of the cell wall of many pathogenic bacteria. Its precursor, dTDP-L-rhamnose, is synthesized from alpha-D-glucose-1-phosphate and dTTP via a pathway requiring four distinct enzymes: RmlA, RmlB, RmlC and RmlD. RmlD catalyses the terminal step of this pathway by converting dTDP-6-deoxy-L-lyxo-4-hexulose to dTDP-L-rhamnose.(More)
M. tuberculosis thymidylate kinase (Mtb TMK) has been shown in vitro to be an essential enzyme in DNA synthesis. In order to identify novel leads for Mtb TMK, we performed a high throughput biochemical screen and an NMR based fragment screen through which we discovered two novel classes of inhibitors, 3-cyanopyridones and 1,6-naphthyridin-2-ones,(More)
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