Helen G. Durkin

Learn More
Electrical stimulation of left temporo-parieto-occipital (TPO) cortex in adult male Wistar rats during their behaviorally active phase (nighttime) transiently increased circulating levels of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes. Comparable stimulation of this cortex on the right decreased circulating levels of these cells. Responses to left or right cortical(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity in children is associated with increased asthma and atopy. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine whether obesity in childhood or adolescence increases the risk of atopic dermatitis. METHODS This retrospective, practice-based, case-control study randomly sampled 414 children and adolescents (age, 1-21 years) with atopic dermatitis between(More)
Elevated serum Ige was detected in 26% (7 of 30) of children with HIV infection. The majority of children with elevated IgE were of one ethnic group (Puerto Rican) (4 of 7), compared with only 9% (2 of 23) in the normal to low IgE group (p = 0.02). Most of the children with elevated IgE had decreased circulating CD4+ T cells (5 of 7 or 71%); but none had(More)
This paper will serve as a contribution to the current reassessment of the relative roles of clonal selection and regulation in specific immunologic tolerance. We review basic studies in the Waksman laboratory that first established the importance of the thymus in tolerance and the possible contribution of regulatory cells generated in the thymus to(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is the worldwide leading cause of death among HIV-infected individuals, accounting for more than half of AIDS-related deaths. A high risk of tuberculosis (TB) has been shown in early stages of the HIV disease, even in the presence of normal CD4(+) cell counts. Moreover, the factors that determine protective immunity vs. susceptibility to(More)
OBJECTIVES Chlamydia pneumoniae, an obligate intracellular bacterium, has been associated with asthma and the induction of immunoglobulin E (IgE) responses. Whereas tetracyclines have anti-chlamydial activity, their effect on human IgE responses to C. pneumoniae has not been studied. METHODS Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from serum IgE+(More)
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a cause of respiratory infection in adults and children. There is evidence for an association between atypical bacterial respiratory pathogens and the pathogenesis of asthma. We compared T helper (Th) responses in C. pneumoniae - infected peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in patients with or without asthma. PBMC (1×10(6)/mL)(More)
Monocytes expressing the Fcepsilon receptor II (CD23) play important roles in inflammatory and allergic immune responses. We found that peripheral blood monocytes of AIDS patients express increased levels of CD23, compared with monocytes of healthy HIV-1-seronegative individuals (controls) (p < 0.05). We compared expression of monocyte CD23 with expression(More)
All available therapies for human allergic disease target IgE mediated pathologic responses after IgE has been produced. We are developing tetracyclines as anti-allergy drugs to prevent IgE production, based on our findings that minocycline or doxycycline treatment of allergic asthmatic humans significantly improves their asthma symptoms, reduces their oral(More)