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BACKGROUND Group A meningococci are the source of major epidemics of meningitis in Africa. An affordable, highly immunogenic meningococcal A conjugate vaccine is needed. METHODS We conducted two studies in Africa to evaluate a new MenA conjugate vaccine (PsA-TT). In study A, 601 children, 12 to 23 months of age, were randomly assigned to receive PsA-TT, a(More)
We performed a double-blind, randomized, controlled phase I study to assess safety, immunogenicity, and antibody persistence of the new meningococcal group A conjugate vaccine (PsA-TT) in healthy volunteers aged 18-35 years. Of the 74 male subjects enrolled, 24 received the PsA-TT vaccine (Group 1), 25 received the Meningococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine A+C,(More)
INTRODUCTION In England, antenatal pertussis immunization using a tetanus/low-dose diphtheria/5-component acellular-pertussis/inactivated-polio (TdaP5/IPV) vaccine was introduced in October 2012. We assessed infant responses to antigens in the maternal vaccine and to those conjugated to tetanus (TT) or the diphtheria toxin variant, CRM. METHODS Infants of(More)
This study investigated the use of two doses of three different meningococcal group C conjugate (MCC) vaccines when given for primary immunization with a seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) and Pediacel, a combination product containing five acellular pertussis components, diphtheria and tetanus toxoids, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)(More)
Prior to routine immunisation, Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) was a major cause of serious bacterial infections, particularly in young children. In the United Kingdom, introduction of the Hib conjugate vaccine into the national childhood immunisation schedule has led to a sustained decline in invasive Hib disease across all age-groups. Evaluation(More)
During reinforced surveillance of acute bacterial meningitis in Burkina Faso, meningococcal strains of phenotype NG:NT:NST were isolated from cerebrospinal fluid samples from 3 patients. The strains were negative for the ctrA gene but were positive for the crgA gene. Molecular typing revealed that the strains harbored the capsule null locus (cnl) and(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated serological correlates of protection against Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A (NmA) in Burkina Faso before the introduction of NmA conjugate vaccine. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We collected blood from a representative sample (N = 1022) of Bobo-Dioulasso residents. Sera were evaluated for serum bactericidal antibody (SBA)(More)
BACKGROUND Study of meningococcal carriage is essential to understanding the epidemiology of Neisseria meningitidis infection. METHODS Twenty cross-sectional carriage surveys were conducted in 7 countries in the African meningitis belt; 5 surveys were conducted after introduction of a new serogroup A meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenAfriVac).(More)
The kinetics of antibody persistence following the administration of a combination meningococcal serogroup C and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine (Menitorix) in the second year of life in children primed with two doses of one of three monovalent meningococcal serogroup C (MCC) vaccines was investigated. The study subjects were(More)
BACKGROUND From 1999, in the United Kingdom, meningococcal C conjugate (MCC) vaccines from 3 manufacturers were introduced to the infant immunization schedule at 2, 3 and 4 months of age. In 2006, the schedule was refined to a 2-dose primary schedule at 3 and 4 months of age, with a combined MCC/Haemophilus influenzae type b (MCC/Hib-TT) booster at 12(More)