Helen E. Davies

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BACKGROUND More than 30% of patients with pleural infection either die or require surgery. Drainage of infected fluid is key to successful treatment, but intrapleural fibrinolytic therapy did not improve outcomes in an earlier, large, randomized trial. METHODS We conducted a blinded, 2-by-2 factorial trial in which 210 patients with pleural infection were(More)
INTRODUCTION Pleural infection is a frequent clinical problem with an approximate annual incidence of up to 80 000 cases in the UK and USA combined. The associated mortality and morbidity is high; in the UK 20% of patients with empyema die and approximately 20% require surgery to recover within 12 months of their infection. 2 Prompt evaluation and(More)
CONTEXT Malignant pleural effusion causes disabling dyspnea in patients with a short life expectancy. Palliation is achieved by fluid drainage, but the most effective first-line method has not been determined. OBJECTIVE To determine whether indwelling pleural catheters (IPCs) are more effective than chest tube and talc slurry pleurodesis (talc) at(More)
RATIONALE Serum mesothelin is a new biomarker for the diagnosis of mesothelioma. Patients with mesothelioma commonly present with pleural effusions. To define the clinical utility of mesothelin quantification in pleural fluid, we assessed its additional value over pleural fluid cytology and its short-term reproducibility and reliability after pleural(More)
OBJECTIVE Medical thoracoscopy is recommended in the investigation of patients with exudative pleural effusions, especially when pleural fluid analysis is uninformative. The histological finding of 'nonspecific pleuritis/fibrosis' is common in thoracoscopic biopsies and presents a great uncertainty for clinicians and patients as the long-term outcome of(More)
Since the 1970s, when computed tomography was introduced into clinical practice, the array of imaging tests that expose patients to radiation has vastly increased. This is a result of improved computed tomography techniques, advances in other techniques such as digital subtraction angiography, and the development of modalities such as positron emission(More)
BACKGROUND Pleural infection is common, and has a >30% major morbidity and mortality-particularly when infection is caused by Gram-negative, Staphylococcus aureus or mixed aerobic pathogens. Standard pleural fluid culture is negative in ∼40% of cases. Culturing pleural fluid in blood culture bottles may increase microbial yield, and is cheap and easy to(More)
The approach to management of malignant pleural effusions (MPE) has changed over the past few decades. The key goals of MPE management are to relieve patient symptoms using the least invasive means and in the most cost-effective manner. There is now a realization that patient-reported outcome measures should be the primary goal of MPE treatment, and this(More)
BACKGROUND Thoracic ultrasound-guided pleural procedures are associated with fewer adverse events than 'blind' procedures for patients with pleural effusion. Ultrasound is increasingly practised by respiratory physicians but there has been no prospective assessment of its safety and diagnostic accuracy when delivered by respiratory physicians. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant pleural effusion is associated with short life expectancy and significant morbidity. A randomized controlled trial comparing indwelling pleural catheters (IPCs) with talc pleurodesis found that IPCs reduced in-hospital time and the need for additional procedures but were associated with excess adverse events. METHODS Using data from(More)