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This study compared the urinary excretion characteristics of ethyl glucuronide (EtG) with that of ethanol, with focus on the effect of water-induced diuresis. Six healthy volunteers ingested an ethanol dose of 0.5 g/kg (range 25.0-41.5 g) as 5% (v/v) beer in 30 min and the same volume of water after 3 h. Urine collections were made before starting the(More)
tive Urinary Ethyl Glucuronide but Not Ethyl Sulfate in the Detection of Recent Alcohol Consumption, Anders Helander and Helen Dahl (Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet and University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; * address correspondence to this author at: Alcohol Laboratory, L7:03, Karolinska University Hospital Solna, SE-171 76(More)
AIMS Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) are sensitive and specific biomarkers for recent alcohol ingestion. This study compared urinary EtG and EtS measurement with self-reports for detection of prior drinking in alcohol-dependent outpatients treated with the anti-craving medication acamprosate or placebo. METHODS Alcohol-dependent(More)
BACKGROUND Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) is a minor ethanol metabolite used as a specific marker to document recent alcohol consumption; confirm abstinence in treatment programs, workplaces, and schools; and provide legal proof of drinking. This study examined if bacterial pathogens in urine may enable postsampling synthesis of EtG and ethyl sulfate (EtS) from(More)
Injection of the anticholinesterase drug diisopropyl fluorophosphate into the hippocampi of rats, 30 minutes after escape learning, produces partial amnesia with full recovery 5 days after injection. No such amnesia is produced if the injection takes place 3 days after learning. However, with injections 5 days after learning there is again an effect, and at(More)
Ethyl glucuronide is a minor metabolite of ethanol, and its presence in urine can be used as a laboratory test to detect recent alcohol intake, even for some time after the ethanol is no longer measurable. A simple analytical procedure was developed based on direct injection of urine diluted with a deuterated internal standard into an electrospray liquid(More)
AIMS This study determined the information about recent alcohol consumption obtained when urinary ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) were introduced as a routine test in outpatient treatment programs for alcohol and drug dependence. PATIENTS AND METHODS Outpatients (21 men and 3 women) undergoing treatment for alcohol (N = 8) or drug (N = 10)(More)
AIMS This study investigated the stability and reproducibility of urinary ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and the 5-hydroxytryptophol (5-HTOL) to 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid (5-HIAA) ratio, both of which are used as biochemical markers of recent alcohol consumption, after single and multiple oral doses of ethanol in healthy human subjects. METHODS Nine females(More)
Fabry's disease, angiokeratoma corporis diffusum, is an X-linked inborn error of glycosphingolipid metabolism due to lack of activity of the lysosomal enzyme, alpha-galactosidase A, resulting in progressive intracellular deposition of neutral glycosphingolipids in various tissues, including vascular endothelial - and smooth muscle cells. Occlusions of the(More)