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UNLABELLED BACKGROUND; Infantile haemangioma (IH) is a tumour of the microvasculature composed predominantly of proliferating endothelial cells. It expresses markers associated with endothelial, haematopoietic and mesenchymal lineages. We have previously shown that the cells forming the capillary endothelium of proliferating IH express cell surface markers(More)
There is currently no prognostic tool that reliably predicts the risk of metastasis in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, most of which occur in the head and neck region. Epidermal growth factor receptor has received much interest in recent years with the advent of epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted molecular therapy in clinical oncology. We(More)
Infantile haemangioma is a benign tumour of the microvasculature characterised by excessive proliferation of immature endothelial cells. It typically undergoes rapid proliferation during infancy followed by spontaneous slow involution during childhood often leaving a fibro-fatty residuum. In 2008, propranolol, a non-selective β-blocker, was serendipitously(More)
AIMS Infantile haemangioma is a tumour of the microvasculature characterised by aggressive angiogenesis during infancy and spontaneously gradual involution, often leaving a fibro-fatty residuum. The segmental distribution of a subgroup of infantile haemangioma, especially those associated with midline structural anomalies that constitute posterior fossa(More)
BACKGROUND Proliferating infantile haemangioma (IH) is a tumour of the microvasculature composed predominantly of immature endothelial cells. The origin of IH is unclear, but it has been shown to express markers of both endothelial and haematopoietic lineages, and a role for endothelial progenitor cells in the aetiology of IH has been suggested.(More)
BACKGROUND The origin of infantile haemangioma (IH) remains enigmatic. A primitive mesodermal phenotype origin of IH with the ability to differentiate down erythropoietic and terminal mesenchymal lineages has recently been demonstrated. AIMS To investigate the expression of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) markers in IH and to determine whether IH-derived(More)
AIMS Cells expressing markers of mast cells, macrophages and dendritic cells have previously been demonstrated within the interstitium of infantile haemangioma (IH). This study characterised these myeloid cellular subpopulations within IH. METHODS Immunohistochemical staining was performed on proliferating and involuted IHs for the expression of Nanog,(More)
AIMS To investigate the expression of the placental cell-specific associated proteins in infantile haemangioma (IH). METHODS Immunohistochemical staining was used to investigate the expression of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), human placental lactogen (hPL), human leucocyte antigen-G (HLA-G), cytokeratin 7 (CK7) and smooth muscle actin in(More)
AIMS Interstitial CD45+ cells and T lymphocytes have previously been demonstrated within infantile haemangioma (IH). This study investigated the expression of B and T lymphocyte markers by the CD45+ population, and the expression of Thy-1, a marker of thymocyte progenitors, which have the ability to give rise to both B and T cells. METHODS(More)