Helen Crosby

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Recent trends in the progression of the AIDS epidemic in the United States indicate that women's rates of acquiring HIV are escalating more rapidly than are men's. Consequently, there has been both an increasing interest in and a need for research targeting substance-abusing women's involvement in HIV risk behaviors. In recent years, strong suggestive(More)
Aims and method To determine values for reliable change and clinically significant change for the Leeds Dependence Questionnaire (LDQ) and Social Satisfaction Questionnaire (SSQ). The performance of these two measures with the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation (CORE-10) as three dimension measures of addiction was then explored. Results The reliable(More)
ISSUES Health-care systems globally are moving away from process measures of performance to payments for outcomes achieved. It follows that there is a need for a selection of proven quality tools that are suitable for undertaking comprehensive assessments and outcomes assessments. This review aimed to identify and evaluate existing comprehensive assessment(More)
This research is based on structured interviews, semi-structured interviews, and informal firsthand observation of women residents of Washington, DC who used crack and/or injected drugs during the previous 30 days. The study entailed introducing these women to the female condom, exposing them to an HIV risk reduction intervention teaching them how to use it(More)
Project Neighborhoods in Action was a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) outreach and intervention program that was conducted with injection drug users and crack users in several inner-city neighborhoods in the District of Columbia. Study participants were placed randomly in either a standard intervention or an enhanced intervention condition, with more(More)
BACKGROUND There is clear evidence of the detrimental impact of hazardous alcohol consumption on the physical and mental health of the population. Estimates suggest that hazardous alcohol consumption annually accounts for 150,000 hospital admissions and between 15,000 and 22,000 deaths in the UK. In the older population, hazardous alcohol consumption is(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol misuse is a major cause of premature mortality and ill health. Although there is a high prevalence of alcohol problems among patients presenting to general hospital, many of these people are not help seekers and do not engage in specialist treatment. Hospital admission is an opportunity to steer people towards specialist treatment, which(More)
Ever since the work of Charles Darwin, there has been scientific inquiry into the nonverbal expression of emotion. Especially in the past 25 years, evidence for specific constellations of emotional signals has been accumulating. Whereas patterns of facial expression of many basic emotions have been well established, there is insufficient objective research(More)
AIM To examine the relative feasibility, acceptability, applicability, effectiveness and explore cost-effectiveness of a healthy living focused intervention (HL) compared to an alcohol-focused intervention (AF) for problem drinkers identified in hospital. METHODS A pragmatic, randomised, controlled, open pilot trial. Feasibility and acceptability were(More)
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