Helen Clare Roberts

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BACKGROUND the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People has developed a clinical definition of sarcopenia based on low muscle mass and reduced muscle function (strength or performance). Grip strength is recommended as a good simple measure of muscle strength when 'measured in standard conditions'. However, standard conditions remain to be(More)
INTRODUCTION sarcopenia is associated with adverse health outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of sarcopenia in community-dwelling older people in the UK using the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) consensus definition. METHODS we applied the EWGSOP definition to 103 community-dwelling men(More)
BACKGROUND frailty, a multi-dimensional geriatric syndrome, confers a high risk for falls, disability, hospitalisation and mortality. The prevalence and correlates of frailty in the UK are unknown. METHODS frailty, defined by Fried, was examined among community-dwelling young-old (64-74 years) men (n = 320) and women (n = 318) who participated in the(More)
OBJECTIVE to investigate the relationship between grip strength and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). DESIGN cross-sectional survey within a cohort study design. SETTING the county of Hertfordshire in the UK. PARTICIPANTS a total of 2,987 community-dwelling men and women aged 59-73 years of age. MEASUREMENTS grip strength was used as a marker(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether a care pathway for older hip fracture patients can reduce length of stay while maintaining the quality of clinical care. DESIGN Prospective study of patients admitted 12 months before and after implementation of a care pathway for the management of femoral neck fracture. Audit data for corresponding time periods from(More)
Inflammaging is characterized by the upregulation of the inflammatory response that occurs with advancing age; its roots are strongly embedded in evolutionary theory.Inflammaging is believed to be a consequence of a remodelling of the innate and acquired immune system, resulting in chronic inflammatory cytokine production.Complex interrelated genetic,(More)
There is widespread evidence both of the exclusion of older people from clinical research, and of under-recruitment to clinical trials. This review and opinion piece provides practical advice to assist researchers both to adopt realistic, achievable recruitment rates and to increase the number of older people taking part in research. It analyses 14(More)
BACKGROUND In light of evidence for deviations in asymmetry and alterations in the anatomy of the corpus callosum in schizophrenia, this study examined the anterior commissure in post mortem brains (n = 14 female control patients, 15 male control patients, 11 female schizophrenic patients, 15 male schizophrenic patients). METHODS Measures were made of the(More)
BACKGROUND There are few studies concerning the family planning needs of female chronic psychiatric patients. We aimed to determine the contraceptive needs and sexually transmitted disease (STD) risk-behaviours of female psychiatric out-patients. METHOD Sixty-six female out-patients with major psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, bipolar(More)
The 30-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) has been validated against the criterion of a standardized psychiatric interview in the community. Used for screening, the GHQ misclassified 25 per cent of 105 respondents, being worse for men. Specificity and sensitivity were above .70. The alternative use of the GHQ as an estimator and as an indicator of(More)