Helen C. Ward

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) is an advanced MR imaging sequence that can be implemented at high resolution. This sequence can be performed on conventional MR imaging scanners and is very sensitive to mineralization. The purpose of this study was to establish the course of mineralization in the deep gray matter with age by(More)
Eleven survivors of pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma underwent bladder function studies and upper urinary tract evaluation at a mean of 6.6 years after completion of therapy, which included a conservative, bladder-sparing surgical policy. Primary tumour sites were: bladder base/prostate, 6; bladder dome, 1; vagina, 2; and pelvic side wall, 2. Seven children (five(More)
Twenty-six previously untreated children, median age 3.4 years, with pelvic rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) were seen between 1983 and 1988. Fourteen were girls. The planned strategy was to conserve pelvic organs, especially the bladder, by using primary chemotherapy, conservative surgery and, in most cases, radiotherapy. With a median follow-up of 71 months (range(More)
Unravelling the role of structural and environmental drivers of gross primary productivity (GPP) and ecosystem respiration (R eco) in highly heterogeneous tundra is a major challenge for the upscaling of chamber-based CO2 fluxes in Arctic landscapes. In a mountain birch woodland-mire ecotone, we investigated the role of LAI (and NDVI), environmental factors(More)
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