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Recent reports have implicated the "thermolabile" (T) variant of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) in the causation of folate-dependent neural tube defects (NTDs). We report herein the largest genetic study of NTD cases (n=271) and families (n=218) to date, establishing that, in Ireland, the "TT" genotype is found in 18.8% of cases versus 8.3% of(More)
It is now well-established that folic acid, taken peri-conceptionally, can reduce the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs). Recent work has demonstrated that an abnormality of homocysteine metabolism is a critical factor. The gene for 5,10 methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase, an enzyme important in homocysteine metabolism, was studied in relation to NTDs. To(More)
Blood was taken at the first antenatal clinic from 56,049 pregnant women. Neural tube defect (NTD) pregnancies (81) were compared to controls (247) for plasma vitamin B12 (B12) (ng/l), plasma folate (microgram/l), and red cell folate (RCF) (microgram/l). Median values were significantly different and were, respectively, 243 and 296 (p = 0.001); 3.47 and(More)
We performed a pilot 3-month, open-label study of 5-10 mg donepezil, an anticholinesterase inhibitor, as treatment for memory problems in people with epilepsy. The Buschke Selective Reminding Test was administered at baseline and after 3 months of donepezil. In 18 completing patients, the total number of words recalled across learning trials was greater on(More)
The aims of the study were to investigate associations of the apolipoprotein (apo) A-IV polymorphisms Thr347Ser and Gln360His with anthropomorphic measurements and fasting and postprandial lipids in subjects participating in the European Atherosclerosis Research Study II (EARS II). The allelic frequencies of Ser347 and His360 were 0.185 and 0.067,(More)
OBJECTIVE Folic acid fortification has reduced neural tube defect prevalence by 50% to 70%. It is unlikely that fortification levels will be increased to reduce neural tube defect prevalence further. Therefore, it is important to identify other modifiable risk factors. Vitamin B(12) is metabolically related to folate; moreover, previous studies have found(More)
BACKGROUND Decreased maternal folate levels are associated with having a child with a neural tube defect (NTD), and periconceptual folic acid supplementation reduces this risk by >50%. Vitamin B(12) (as methylcobalamin) is a cofactor for methionine synthase, an enzyme that plays a key role in folate metabolism. Alterations in vitamin B(12) metabolism may(More)
Folic acid can prevent neural tube defects; in some cases the mechanism is probably a correction of a metabolic defect caused by thermolabile methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) found in increased frequency in cases. It is less clear whether folic acid can prevent oral clefts, in part because it is not known whether thermolabile MTHFR is more common(More)
Thermolabile 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is the first folate-related variant to be associated with an increased risk of neural tube defects (NTDs). The variant causes high plasma homocysteine levels and reduced red cell folate (RCF) levels, both of which have also been linked to an increased risk of NTDs. We examined the relationship(More)
To assess outcome after hip fracture in older Irish women, 106 consecutive females aged over 50 years admitted to a general hospital with a hip fracture were compared to 89 age- and gender-matched controls from the same catchment area. Interview-based data were collected on socio-demographic factors, mobility and activities of daily living before(More)