Helen Bo Hyun Kim

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Reproductive function is influenced by several internal and external cues, which ultimately exert their effects on the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neuron. As the final common pathway in the brain for regulating reproduction, GnRH neurons receive signals from multiple cell types, and alterations in GnRH production impact reproductive competence.(More)
The cumulus oophorus, unique to the egg of eutherian mammals, has been suggested to function either in egg transport to the oviduct ampulla, in avoidance of polyspermy, in enhancement of sperm fertilizing ability, or in sperm guidance to the egg. To examine its role further, the content of the oviduct ampulla was collected at 0700-0730 h, 1130-1200 h, or(More)
The human GnRH (hGnRH) gene is expressed, and the GnRH decapeptide produced, primarily in the GnRH neurons of the diencephalon. The molecular elements important for the cell-specific expression and regulation of the hGnRH gene are not well established at this time; therefore, we have used a transgenic mouse model to isolate cis-regulatory elements important(More)
To identify regions of the mouse GnRH (mGnRH) promoter that mediate tissue-specific gene expression, transgenic mice have been generated with fragments of mGnRH promoter fused to the luciferase reporter gene. In this manuscript, we examine transgenic mice, generated with -356/+28 bp and -249/+28 bp of the mGnRH gene. Both fragments of mGnRH promoter target(More)
Failures of fertilization in in-vitro fertilization have been often linked to visually recognizable defects in spermatozoa, and occasionally to anti-sperm antibodies. However, some total failures and the frequent lack of fertilization in some eggs of normal appearance (partial failure) often remain unexplained. Simple evaluation of the configuration of(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe empty follicle syndrome, potentially due to route of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration, in a patient who had previously undergone bariatric surgery. DESIGN Case report and review of literature. SETTING Academic medical center. PATIENT(S) A 42-year-old nulliparous, morbidly obese woman who had presented for(More)
The cell cycle regulatory protein cyclin D1, which is over-expressed in 95-100% of mantle cell lymphomas (MCL), is a potential therapeutic target. Flavopiridol inhibits the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)4-cyclin D1 complex and induces apoptosis in lymphoma cell lines. Previous phase I clinical studies had demonstrated that this drug could be safely(More)
Molecular mechanisms directing tissue-specific expression of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) are difficult to study due to the paucity and scattered distribution of GnRH neurons. To identify regions of the mouse GnRH (mGnRH) promoter that are critical for appropriate tissue-specific gene expression, we generated transgenic mice with fragments(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate protein and messenger RNA expression products for a subset of apoptosis-related genes in human granulosa cells. DESIGN In vitro experiment. SETTING Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. PATIENT(S) Women undergoing oocyte(More)
In mammals, reproduction is acutely regulated by metabolic status. Insulin is an important nutritional signal from the periphery that may regulate the reproductive axis. To determine whether insulin acts directly on the GnRH neuron, we performed studies in mouse-derived GnRH-expressing cell lines. Both insulin receptor protein and mRNA were detected in(More)