Helen Barratt

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The relative strengths of vertical canal and otolithic factors influencing downbeat nystagmus (DBN) were investigated in a patient whose nystagmus was of maximum intensity with the head in the upright position and abolished with the head in the supine position. The vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) was assessed by oscillating the patient about both the supine(More)
Twenty-seven patients with an isolated brain stem syndrome, thought to be due to demyelination, were examined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A brain stem lesion was identified in 25, and clinically silent lesions outside the brain stem were demonstrated in 20. MRI was more sensitive than evoked potentials in detecting brain stem and other lesions. The(More)
Lateral eye movements evoked by linear head motion were evaluated in human subjects by subtracting the eye movement responses to head-centred angular oscillation in the dark, about a vertical axis, from the responses evoked by similar oscillation with the head displaced 30 cm eccentrically from the axis. The centred oscillation gave a purely angular(More)
The vestibulo-ocular reflex and its suppression by fixation of a target rotating with the subject were tested in 18 subjects with congenital nystagmus using steps of constant velocity rotation and sinusoidal stimuli swept in frequency between 0.01 and 1.0 Hz. Responses to stopping stimuli were abnormal in waveform and of short duration in most subjects(More)
The decision whether a nystagmus is congenital or acquired may be difficult and is of importance in patients presenting with neurological complaints. In this article, established diagnostic criteria are critically reviewed with particular emphasis on types of nystagmus waveform and their relationship to pursuit and optokinetic responses. Attention is drawn(More)
We have monitored the electrocochleogram (ECochG) of 24 patients, using a transtympanic electrode, during acoustic neuroma excision. All patients had unilateral tumours with good preoperative hearing and complete excision was achieved in each case. Of the 24 patients, seven retained some hearing, however, a further two patients had normal ECochG waveforms(More)
INTRODUCTION No matter how well resourced, individual hospitals cannot expect to meet all peaks in demand for adult general critical care. However, previous analyses suggest that patients transferred for non-clinical reasons have worse outcomes than those who are not transferred, but these studies were underpowered and hampered by residual case-mix(More)
OBJECTIVE According to policy commentators, decisions about how best to organise care involve trade-offs between factors relating to care quality, workforce, cost, and patient access. In England, proposed changes such as Emergency Department closures often face public opposition. This study examined the way communities respond to plans aimed at reorganising(More)
Patients with neurological disease were examined for dissociations between the performance capabilities of pursuit, immediate onset passive and active optokinetic responses to determine whether these functions are subserved by separate mechanisms. We found a patient in whom pursuit was intact in the presence of severely impaired optokinetic responses and(More)
BACKGROUND Dysphagia is a significant side-effect following treatment for head and neck cancers, yet poor adherence to swallowing exercises is frequently reported in intervention studies. Behaviour change techniques (BCTs) can be used to improve adherence, but no review to date has described the techniques or indicated which may be more associated with(More)