Helen Barratt

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Lateral eye movements evoked by linear head motion were evaluated in human subjects by subtracting the eye movement responses to headcentred angular oscillation in the dark, about a vertical axis, from the responses evoked by similar oscillation with the head displaced 30 cm eccentrically from the axis. The centred oscillation gave a purely angular stimulus(More)
The relative strengths of vertical canal and otolithic factors influencing downbeat nystagmus (DBN) were investigated in a patient whose nystagmus was of maximum intensity with the head in the upright position and abolished with the head in the supine position. The vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) was assessed by oscillating the patient about both the supine(More)
We have monitored the electrocochleogram (ECochG) of 24 patients, using a transtympanic electrode, during acoustic neuroma excision. All patients had unilateral tumours with good preoperative hearing and complete excision was achieved in each case. Of the 24 patients, seven retained some hearing, however, a further two patients had normal ECochG waveforms(More)
Conventional vestibular rotation testing with the head centered on the axis stimulates the semicircular canals evoking compensatory eye movements. If the head is placed forwards of the axis in an eccentric position the otoliths are also stimulated by a tangential linear acceleration acting laterally to the skull. In normal subjects the additional otolithic(More)
The loudness of a continuous pure tone does not appear to change with time unless an interrupted tone is introduced at intervals during the course of the test; in consequence it is held that it is the interrupted tone which induces the loudness loss. This, however, cannot be called on to account for the marked change in quality or 'timbre' of a sustained(More)
UNLABELLED Head injury is an important cause of death among young adults in the UK, and a significant burden on NHS resources. However, management is inconsistent, governed largely by local resources. The latest version of the NICE head injury guidelines suggests that more patients with traumatic brain injury should be transferred to receive specialist(More)
Twenty-seven patients with an isolated brain stem syndrome, thought to be due to demyelination, were examined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A brain stem lesion was identified in 25, and clinically silent lesions outside the brain stem were demonstrated in 20. MRI was more sensitive than evoked potentials in detecting brain stem and other lesions. The(More)
The auditory nerve and bran stem responses recorded at the vertex and mastoids were closely examined in normal subjects using a larynx electrode as a neutral reference point. With monaural stimulation, significant activity was found at the vertex and both mastoids, and the wave-forms at the ipsi- and contralateral mastoids were consistently different. With(More)
Dysphagia is a significant side-effect following treatment for head and neck cancers, yet poor adherence to swallowing exercises is frequently reported in intervention studies. Behaviour change techniques (BCTs) can be used to improve adherence, but no review to date has described the techniques or indicated which may be more associated with improved(More)